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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended: February 3, 2024
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
or
For the transition period from: __________________________ to __________________________
Commission file number000-20969

HIBBETT, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware20-8159608
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
2700 Milan Court, Birmingham, Alabama 35211
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
205-942-4292
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of ClassTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 Par Value Per ShareHIBBNasdaq Global Select Market

Securities registered pursuant to section 12(g) of the Act: NONE
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
YesNo

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YesNo
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
YesNo



Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management's assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.   ☒
If securities are registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act, indicate by check mark whether the financial statements of the registrant included in the filing reflect the correction of an error to previously issued financial statements.  
Indicate by check mark whether any of those error corrections are restatements that required a recovery analysis of incentive-based compensation received by any of the registrant's executive officers during the relevant recovery period pursuant to §240.10D-1(b).  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).
YesNo
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant (assuming for purposes of this calculation that all executive officers and directors are “affiliates”) was $467.1 million on July 29, 2023, based on the closing sale price of $45.75 at July 28, 2023 for the common stock on such date on the Nasdaq Global Select Market.
The number of shares outstanding of the Registrant’s common stock, as of March 21, 2024, was 11,796,675.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.




HIBBETT, INC.
INDEX
Page
Item 1C.
Item 9C.

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Introductory Note

References to “we,” “our,” “us,” “Hibbett” and the “Company” used throughout this document refer to Hibbett, Inc. and its subsidiaries. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, any reference to the following fiscal years relates to:

YearRelated Fiscal Year EndWeeks in
Fiscal Period
Fiscal 2025February 1, 202552
Fiscal 2024February 3, 202453
Fiscal 2023January 28, 202352
Fiscal 2022January 29, 202252
Fiscal 2021January 30, 202152

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This document contains “forward-looking statements” as that term is used in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements address future events, developments and results and do not relate strictly to historical facts. Any statements contained herein that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. They include statements preceded by, followed by or including words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “forecast,” “guidance,” “outlook,” “estimate,” “will,” “may,” “could,” “possible,” “potential,” or other similar words, phrases or expressions. For example, our forward-looking statements include statements regarding:
changes in general economic or market conditions that could affect overall consumer spending, our industry or the financial health of our customers, including inflation and higher interest rates;
our relationships with vendors, including their ability to provide us with sufficient quantities of in-demand product in a timely or cost-effective manner, and the loss of key vendor support;
the potential impact of new trade, tariff and tax regulations on our profitability;
our ability to accurately forecast consumer demand for our products and manage our inventory in response to changing demands;
our cash needs, including our ability to fund our future capital expenditures, working capital requirements, recurring quarterly dividends and repurchases of Company common stock under our stock repurchase program (the "Repurchase Program");
our ability to attract and retain key personnel and other employees at Hibbett and City Gear due to labor challenges, wage inflation or otherwise;
our anticipated net sales, comparable store net sales changes, net sales growth, gross margins, expenses and earnings;
our ability to accurately anticipate and respond to seasonal or quarterly fluctuations in our operating results;
our business strategy, omni-channel platform, logistics structure and target market presence and the expected impact of such factors on our net sales growth;
our anticipated store growth, including our plans to add, expand, relocate or close stores, our markets' ability to support such growth, expected changes in total square footage, our ability to secure suitable locations for new stores and the suitability of our wholesale and logistics facility;
our expectations regarding the growth of our online business and the role of technology in supporting such growth;
the future reliability of the global supply chain and costs associated with disruptions in the global supply chain, including increased freight, fuel and other transportation costs, and the potential impacts on our domestic and international sources of product;
our policy of leasing rather than owning stores and our ability to renew or replace store leases satisfactorily;
the cost of regulatory compliance, including the costs and possible outcomes of pending legal actions and other contingencies and new or additional legal, legislative and regulatory requirements to reduce or mitigate the effects of climate change;
our analysis of our risk factors and their possible effect on financial results;
our seasonal sales patterns, and our expectations and assumptions concerning customer buying behavior;
our ability to attract and retain new customers;
our expectations regarding competition;
our estimates and assumptions as they relate to preferable tax and financial accounting methods, accruals, inventory valuations, long-lived assets, carrying amount and liquidity of financial instruments, fair value of options and other stock-based compensation, economic and useful lives of depreciable assets and leases, income tax liabilities, deferred taxes and uncertain tax positions;
our expectations concerning future stock-based award types;
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our assessment of the materiality and impact on our business of adopting recent accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board and rules issued by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC");
the possible effects of uncertainty within the capital markets, on the commercial credit environment and on levels of consumer confidence;
our analyses of trends as related to marketing, sales and earnings performance;
our ability to receive favorable brand name merchandise and pricing from key vendors;
the impact of technology on our operations and business, including cyberattacks, cyber liability or potential liability for breaches of our privacy or information security systems; and
our ability to mitigate the risk of possible business interruptions, including, without limitation, from political or social unrest and armed conflicts.

A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future results, events or circumstances. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Our forward-looking statements are based on currently available operational, financial and business information and speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects may have changed since that date. For a discussion of the risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could affect our future events, developments or results, you should carefully review and consider the “Risk Factors” as well as “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

We cannot assure you that the results, events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will be achieved or occur, and actual results, events or circumstances could differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements. Moreover, new risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time and it is not possible for us to predict all risks and uncertainties that could have an impact on our forward-looking statements.

We do not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, and you should not expect us to do so.
Investors should also be aware that while we do, from time to time, communicate with securities analysts and others, we do not, by policy, selectively disclose to them any material non-public information in connection with any statement or report issued by any analyst regardless of the content of the statement or report. We do not, by policy, confirm forecasts or projections issued by others. Thus, to the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain any projections, forecasts or opinions, such reports are not our responsibility.

PART 1
Item 1.     Business.
Our Company
Hibbett, headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama, is a leading athletic-inspired fashion retailer with over 1,150 stores under the Hibbett, City Gear and Sports Additions banners, primarily located in underserved communities. Founded in 1945, Hibbett has a rich history of convenient locations, personalized customer service and access to coveted footwear, apparel and equipment from top brands like Nike, Jordan and adidas.
Our Business Strategy

We target underserved communities with branded products and provide a high level of customer service both in our stores and online. This strategy establishes greater customer, vendor and landlord recognition as a leading specialty retailer in these communities. We believe our ability to align our merchandising mix to local preferences and trends differentiates us from our national competitors and delivers incremental sales opportunities for our vendor partners. We use information systems to maintain tight controls over inventory and operating costs and continually search for ways to improve efficiencies and the customer experience through information system upgrades.

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Our Store Brands
We operated the following store brands as of February 3, 2024:
Location
BrandAverage Square Footage
Strip Center(1)
MallTotal
Hibbett5,800785 175 960 
City Gear5,200156 37 193 
Sports Additions(2)
2,90013 16 
(1) Strip centers include free-standing stores and, for our Hibbett locations, are usually near a major chain retailer.
(2) Approximately 90% of the merchandise carried in our Sports Additions stores is athletic footwear.
In selecting retail locations, we consider the size, demographics, quality of real estate and competitive conditions in each community. Our stores offer a core merchandising mix of premium athletic branded footwear, apparel, accessories and team sports equipment designed to appeal to the Gen Z customers within each community. We strive to meet the fashion and technical demands of our customers.
Our Growth Strategy
We identify locations for our stores under a clustered expansion program. This approach primarily focuses on opening new stores within close proximity of existing locations, allowing us to take advantage of efficiencies in logistics, marketing and regional management. It also aids us in building a better understanding of appropriate merchandise selection for consumer tastes in that local community. In addition to proximity to existing stores, we also consider population, economic conditions, local competitive dynamics, availability of suitable real estate and potential for return on investment when evaluating potential locations.
Our customers are digitally savvy and have high expectations that are constantly evolving, including the ability to engage with us in multiple ways. We continue to make investments in our omni-channel platform, as well as our core website and apps e-commerce experiences. Consistent with these investments, e-commerce sales increased year-over-year in Fiscal 2024.

We remain focused on the customer experience by reducing friction points and elevating our digital and omni-channel experience. In Fiscal 2025, we expect to continue to invest in next generation omni-channel capabilities that mitigate perennial pain points for our store employees and customers. This includes the ability to find and quickly fulfill the products our customers are looking for.

Our Logistics

We maintain a full-line wholesale and logistics facility in Alabaster, Alabama (a suburb of Birmingham) where we receive and ship most of our merchandise. For key products, we maintain backstock at the Alabaster facility. This product is allocated and shipped to stores through an automatic replenishment system based on inventory levels and sales. Merchandise is delivered to stores, and transferred between stores, via small package carriers, Company operated vehicles or third-party logistics providers (which also deliver initial new store inventories). We believe strong logistics support for our stores is a critical element of our business strategy and that our current logistics structure will support our growth over the next several years.

Our Merchandise

Our merchandising strategy emphasizes a TOE-TO-HEAD® approach. We provide a broad assortment of premium brand name footwear, apparel, accessories and team sports equipment at competitive prices in a full service omni-channel environment. We believe that the assortment of brand name merchandise we offer consistently exceeds the merchandise selection carried by most of our competitors, particularly in our underserved communities and neighborhood centers. We coordinate with our vendors to educate the sales staff at the store level on new products and trends.
Although the core merchandise assortment tends to be similar for each store, it is somewhat differentiated by the Hibbett or City Gear brands. Each brand utilizes important demographic, local and/or regional considerations. Accordingly, we offer products that reflect preferences for particular demographics as well as interests from each community. Our knowledge of these interests, combined with access to leading brands, enables our merchandising staff to react quickly to emerging trends or special events, such as fashion shifts or athletic events.
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Our merchandising staff, operations staff and management analyze current trends primarily through the lens of our store typing strategy. Information is largely gathered and analyzed utilizing business intelligence tools. Other strategic measures we utilize to recognize trends or changes in our industry include:
maintaining close relationships with vendors and other retailers;
studying other retailers for best practices in merchandising;
attending various trade shows, both in our industry and outside as well as reviewing industry trade publications; and
actively participating in industry associations.

The merchandising staff works closely with store personnel to meet the requirements of individual stores for appropriate merchandise in sufficient quantities.
Our Vendor Relationships

The athletic specialty and city specialty retail businesses are brand-name-driven. Accordingly, we maintain positive relationships with a number of well-known vendors to satisfy customer demand. We believe that we offer a best-in-class omni-channel experience through physical locations, mobile apps and website and that we are among the primary retail distribution avenues for brand name vendors that seek to engage with consumers in underserved communities. As a result, we are able to attract considerable vendor interest and establish long-term partnerships with vendors. As our vendors expand their product lines and grow in popularity, we expand sales of these products. In addition, as we continue to increase our store base and enter new communities, our vendors increase their brand presence within these regions. We also work with our vendors to establish attractive pricing and to receive cooperative marketing funds.

Our Information Systems

We use technology as an enabler of our business strategies. We implement and maintain systems targeted at improving inventory control, merchandise planning, supply chain, logistics, replenishment, product allocation, financial control and cost management. Our systems are designed to be flexible to meet the unique needs of each specific store location. We continue to evolve our digital channel experience and to develop further channel integration for a more seamless and frictionless set of capabilities aimed at enhancing our customer's shopping experience in-store, online and through our mobile solutions.

Our communications networks send and receive critical business data to and from stores, third-party cloud providers and managed hosting facilities (data centers). Our Company’s information is processed in a secure environment to protect both the actual data and our physical information technology assets. We attempt to mitigate the risk of cybersecurity threats and business interruptions by taking a defense-in-depth strategy and maintaining strong security protocols, threat monitoring, risk reviews, cyber tabletop exercises, penetration testing, team member awareness training and a comprehensive disaster recovery plan.

In Fiscal 2022, we consolidated our Human Capital Management, Payroll, Finance and Accounting systems into Workday’s enterprise cloud platform, which allowed us to eliminate numerous disparate solutions in our effort to streamline processes, improve control and management of sensitive data and significantly increase scalability across the organization. Additionally, we made significant investments in our store network and back-office infrastructure. In Fiscal 2023, we modernized our store operations by refreshing our Point-of-Sale hardware, adding RFID inventory management, automatic in-store receiving, and an advanced omni-experience associate selling mobile app, and began our merchandising modernization program with Assortment Planning, which allows us to be more effective and efficient in servicing our customers. In Fiscal 2024, we continued our digital transformation journey focused on in-store efficiency with a mobile app for order fulfillment, an associate portal to provide and improve a consolidated platform for in-store collaboration, communication and mobile apps that result in more consistent execution across all locations. Furthermore, we implemented a new Merchandising Financial Planning solution that is consistent with the Assortment Planning solution we implemented in Fiscal 2023. Each of these solutions aligns with our strategic plan and our core Information Technology principles.

We strive to maintain highly qualified and motivated third-party partners and teams of individuals to support our information systems, which include information security, compliance, quality assurance, computer operations, help desk, network and platform engineering, business analysis, solution development, analytics and project management. Our systems are monitored 24 hours a day, and management believes that our current systems and practice of implementing regular updates will continue to support current needs and future growth. We use a strategic information system planning process that involves senior management and is integrated into our overall business planning and enterprise risk management. Information systems projects are prioritized based on strategic, financial, regulatory and other business criteria.

Our Marketing and Promotion
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Our target customer is Gen Z, therefore our marketing efforts are focused on acquiring and retaining Gen Z customers. As such, we have invested in and expanded our digital marketing capabilities, social media presence and our hyperlocal marketing efforts that help us connect with our communities.

Our loyalty program sales grew in Fiscal 2024, representing approximately 60% of overall sales. In Fiscal 2024, we made improvements to the loyalty program, presenting members with new benefits and experiences, including our new "Connected" partnership with Nike that launched at the end of the third quarter. In Fiscal 2025, we believe the continuation of Hibbett Rewards X NIKE Membership will advance the ways in which we engage and delight our customers across all omni-channel touchpoints, further solidifying our differentiated retail experience in underserved communities.

Our Competition

The business in which we are engaged is highly competitive. The marketplace for athletic specialty merchandise is highly fragmented as many different brick and mortar and online retailers compete for customers by utilizing a variety of formats and merchandising strategies. We compete with specialty shoe stores, department stores, traditional shoe stores, mass merchandisers, e-commerce retailers and national sporting goods superstores. In addition, we face competition from our own vendors that also sell directly to consumers.

Although we face competition from a variety of competitors, we believe that our stores are able to compete effectively by providing a premium assortment of footwear, apparel, accessories and team sports equipment. Additionally, we differentiate our store experience through extensive product knowledge, customer service and convenient locations. We believe we compete favorably with respect to these factors in the underserved communities and neighborhood centers predominantly in the South, Southwest, Mid-Atlantic and Midwest regions of the United States.

Information about our Executive Officers

The following table and accompanying narrative sets forth the names, ages and business experiences of our current executive officers:

NameAgePosition
Michael E. Longo62President and Chief Executive Officer
Jared S. Briskin51Executive Vice President, Merchandising
Robert J. Volke60Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
David M. Benck56Senior Vice President, General Counsel
Ronald P. Blahnik65Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer
Mark A. Gunn65Senior Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer
Benjamin A. Knighten53Senior Vice President, Store Operations
Michael C. McAbee53Senior Vice President, Supply Chain and Store Development
William G. Quinn48Senior Vice President, Marketing and Digital
J. Stephani Smith50Senior Vice President, Merchandising

Michael E. Longo joined the Company as our Chief Executive Officer and President and was appointed to the Board of Directors in December 2019. Formerly, he served as Chief Executive Officer for City Gear, LLC from October 2006 to November 2018, where he oversaw the successful acquisition of City Gear in 2018 by Hibbett Sporting Goods, Inc. (n/k/a Hibbett Retail, Inc.). Prior to City Gear, he worked in positions of increasing responsibility and leadership with AutoZone, Inc. starting as a manager in 1992, promoted to Vice President of Supply Chain in 1996 and later to Executive Vice President of Supply Chain, IT, Development, Mexico in 2005. Mr. Longo holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering from the United States Military Academy and an MBA from Harvard University. Additionally, Mr. Longo serves on the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.

Jared S. Briskin was appointed to serve as our Executive Vice President of Merchandising in September 2021. Previously, he served as Senior Vice President and Chief Merchant from September 2014 through September 2021. He has served in roles of increasing responsibility and leadership in various merchandising positions across multiple categories since joining the Company in April 1998, including Vice President/Divisional Merchandise Manager of Footwear and Equipment from March 2010 through
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September 2014 and Vice President/Divisional Merchandise Manager of Apparel and Equipment from June 2004 through March 2010.

Robert J. Volke was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President of Accounting and Finance in April 2020, and was named our Chief Financial Officer shortly thereafter. Mr. Volke most recently served as Interim Chief Financial Officer of Fleet Farm LLC (Fleet Farm), a position he held since March 2020, and as its Vice President, Accounting and Corporate Controller from August 2018 to February 2020. Prior to his service at Fleet Farm, Mr. Volke held various positions of increasing responsibility and leadership with Tractor Supply Company (Nasdaq: TSCO) from May 2007 to August 2018, most recently as its Vice President and Controller from March 2017 to August 2018. Mr. Volke earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from Indiana University.

David M. Benck was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President and General Counsel in March 2020. He also serves as our Chief Privacy Officer, Executive Sponsor of the ESG Committee, Chair of the Enterprise Risk Committee, Assistant Secretary and Chief Risk Assessor. Mr. Benck joined the Company in March 2005, and in April 2008 was appointed Vice President and General Counsel. In addition to his role with the Company, Mr. Benck previously served on the Board of Directors for the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Birmingham Branch appointee, and as a Board Member for the American Arbitration Association. He is currently a member of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (Lausanne, Switzerland) and a member of the NCAA’s Independent Resolution Panel. Additionally, he serves on the Monitoring Committee for the nationwide Blue Cross Blue Shield anti-trust class action settlement, is a Fellow in the National Association of Corporate Directors, and an IAPP Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP/US and CIPM).

Ronald P. Blahnik was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer in April 2019. Mr. Blahnik joined the Company in November 2016 as our Vice President and Chief Information Officer. Before joining our Company, he served as managing partner of Blahnik Consulting Services, LLC from April 2011 to November 2016. Prior to starting his own company, Mr. Blahnik held various positions of increasing responsibility and leadership for Lowe's Companies, Inc. (NYSE: LOW) from April 1996 to March 2011. Mr. Blahnik is a retired Army officer and has worked in the information technology field for more than 40 years. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Information Technology.

Mark A. Gunn joined the Company as our Senior Vice President and Chief Human Resources Officer in August 2023. Formerly, he served as Chief Human Resources Officer for 99 Cents Only Stores from February 2014 to August 2023. Mr. Gunn has over 25 years of experience as a senior executive in human resources. He has served in roles of increasing responsibility and leadership at The TJX Companies, Inc., McDonald's Corporation, Ross Stores, Inc. and Walmart, Inc.

Benjamin A. Knighten was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President of Operations in March 2020. Mr. Knighten previously served as Chief Operating Officer of City Gear, LLC from July 2018 to March 2020 and as Vice President of Store Operations of City Gear from November 2006 to July 2018. He earned his Production/Operations MBA from the University of Memphis.

Michael C. McAbee was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President, Supply Chain and Store Development in March 2022. Previously, he served as Vice President, Supply Chain and Store Development from May 2021 to March 2022. He has served in roles of increasing responsibility and leadership across multiple categories such as merchandise planning, replenishment and operations, as well as corporate strategy, since joining the Company in September 2002 as a Merchant/Planner. Mr. McAbee earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in History from the University of Alabama.

William G. Quinn was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President of Marketing and Digital in April 2019. Mr. Quinn joined the Company in February 2016 as our Vice President of Digital Commerce. Prior to joining the Company, he served as Vice President, Digital for David's Bridal and as Executive Vice President, Chief Marketing Officer for 24 Hour Fitness. Mr. Quinn earned his Bachelor of Arts degree at Vanderbilt University, his MBA at Duke University and also holds a Certificate of Web Design from Temple University.

Jonalin S. Smith was appointed to serve as our Senior Vice President, Merchandising in March 2022. Ms. Smith joined the Company in October 2020 as our Vice President, General Merchandising Manager. Prior to joining the Company, she spent almost 28 years at Nike, Inc. where she held a variety of positions with increasing levels of responsibility and leadership, serving most recently as their Vice President of North American Sales for Converse. In addition, she was General Manager and Global Vice President of Nike’s Skateboarding Category. Her tenure at Nike included service throughout North America, as well as Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Ms. Smith earned her Bachelor of Science Degree at Atlanta Christian College in Atlanta, Georgia.

Human Capital
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Human Capital Management

Central to our long-term strategy is attracting, developing, and retaining high-quality employees. This is crucial to all aspects of our business and is a key driver of our long-term success. This process begins by providing competitive wages and benefits in a positive work environment where we focus on doing what is right. In many cases, employment at one of our stores represents our employees’ first job experience. We believe these individuals are attracted to our stores because they are consumers who appreciate our customer service, our compelling assortment of product and our best-in-class digital experience. Starting with their first day, new employees are exposed to our corporate culture of responsibility, respect and customer service. As an employee gains experience and demonstrates an understanding and commitment to our core principles, promotional opportunities are readily available. As a result, a large number of our store managers started out as part-time sales associates and we take great pride in providing career advancement opportunities for so many people.

We are committed to providing competitive wages in the communities we serve. Enhancing the financial stability of our team members is a priority, and we continually look for ways to improve our efforts in this area, including our partnering with a third-party vendor to provide an early access to pay feature, which allows our employees to get paid when they need it instead of waiting until a predetermined pay day, offering an employee discount, and offering financial wellness classes to our team members at the Store Support Center.

Helping our employees in need is important to us, and we have an established employee charitable foundation that allows employees to apply for assistance in a dignified and private manner. We offer an Education Assistance Tuition Reimbursement Program for our Store Support Center and our wholesale and logistics facility team members.

As of February 3, 2024, we employed over 12,500 team members, of which approximately 3,950 were full-time team members and over 94% of the total population work in our retail locations. None of our team members are represented by a labor union. The number of full-time and part-time team members fluctuates depending on seasonal needs. We have a long history of providing competitive compensation and benefits and providing meaningful experiences and career-development opportunities to our team members. As a result, we have not experienced significant interruptions in our operations due to labor disagreements or team member dissatisfaction.

Our Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Statement:

Our philosophy is simple; be inclusive and treat each other with respect. As a result of our ongoing diversity, equity and inclusion efforts, we have built a winning team comprised of diverse, compassionate and competitive individuals. We have cultivated an authentic representation of our communities through thoughtful local hiring, often from our customer base and the communities we serve. Our teams' unique backgrounds, perspectives and skills improve us all, creating a competitive advantage that positively impacts our business and contributes to our success.

We partner with the University of Alabama at Birmingham's office of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion to provide education and training to our team members on this important topic. The mission of our Women's Resource Group, Ignite, is to cultivate a sense of belonging in a space that supports and encourages all women to develop and further their potential through collaboration, connection and conversation.

We fully believe that our differences make us stronger, and we are relentless in creating a work environment that promotes diversity, equity and inclusion.

Talent Acquisition/Talent Development/Team Member Engagement

Investing in our team members is one of our core strategies. We strive to offer best-in-class training and development opportunities, while creating innovative programs that enable a vibrant and engaged learning culture to flourish. In addition to our tuition reimbursement program, we utilize the LinkedIn Learning platform, offer a Leadership Academy, and provide a professional development series consisting of monthly educational sessions for leadership positions at our Store Support Center. Additionally, as part of our tuition reimbursement program, we partner with Bellevue University to offer online classes for employees.

We recognize that maintaining an inclusive and high-performance culture requires an engaged workforce, where team members are motivated to do their best work every day. Our engagement approach centers on communication and recognition. We communicate with our team members in a variety of ways, including monthly live CEO updates that include Q&A sessions with
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team members and regular communications to all our retail locations. We conduct periodic team member engagement surveys at our Store Support Center to understand and respond to team member needs. In February 2022, we expanded our annual survey Company-wide to provide all team members a channel for feedback on a variety of topics, including Company direction and strategy, individual growth and development, collaboration, confidence, and meaningful work. Mental and emotional health is a priority now more than ever. We provide our team members with free access to mental health assistance, including marital, grief and financial counseling.

Community and Social Impact - Building Connections

We take pride in and share a sense of responsibility with our communities. We reflect the diversity of the communities we serve and strengthen our connectivity through local events and social programs. We believe it is important to invest in our youth and give back to the communities we serve in a meaningful and impactful way.

SOLE SCHOOL® is the main focus for community engagement in our local retail districts. In total and in conjunction with Nike, we provided funds and merchandise to 103 schools across 36 states to help support education and athletics in Fiscal 2024. The SOLE SCHOOL® program provides sponsored schools with a financial gift, donations of equipment, footwear and backpacks, and interested students are given the opportunity to be mentored by local store management staff. In partnership with Nike, we also continued the Support Her Sole® initiative for the third consecutive year. This initiative encourages Gen-Z girls and millennial women to knock down boundaries, create their own ways of self-expression, and to be themselves. Support Her Sole® programming in Fiscal 2024, featured donations to four women's basketball programs and exclusive women's shopping and wellness events.

In Fiscal 2024, we partnered with several of our vendor partners to make a meaningful impact in communities across our footprint. In partnership with Jordan Brand, we launched “Cleared For Takeoff,” a program that champions the pioneers who take culture and sport to new heights. Together with WINGS, the Jordan Brand’s community impact platform, and the Carolina Youth Coalition, we provided footwear and merchandise gift cards to 25 local youth in Charlotte, North Carolina. To celebrate and give back to the indigenous community, we partnered with Nike and provided a monetary donation to the Kayenta Township in Kayenta, Arizona to benefit their skate park in celebration of Skate Day. We also partnered with adidas to provide financial support to the Trae Young Family Foundation, which provides mental health awareness and resources for K-12 youth. As part of this partnership, local youth in the Atlanta, Georgia area were provided with merchandise gift cards and a private shopping experience.

We are a long-term partner of United Way of Central Alabama and Children's Hospital of Alabama and have continued our support of these organizations. During the year, we also supported numerous other programs with financial assistance including several Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs); community organizations such as the Jayson Tatum Foundation, the Wohl Center leadership team, Based on a True Story, the Leave Your Mark Foundation, and JC Boxing; The Lindy Waters III Inaugural Scholarship Golf Tournament; and Autism Speaks. We also engaged in service activities with organizations and programs such as Girls, Inc. of Central Alabama; Clips and Kicks/Cutz for Kids; and a summer jobs program through United Ability.

Environmental Sustainability

We strive to act in the interest of our team members, customers, communities and stockholders by supporting environmentally sustainable practices. We understand the important role that everyone must play in reducing their environmental impact, which is why we have retained a third-party vendor to measure our energy and water usage since early 2022. In Fiscal 2023, Hibbett underwent a comprehensive materiality assessment conducted by a third-party accounting and advisory services firm. This assessment was conducted to learn more about ESG expectations from the perspective of different stakeholders. Customers, investors, vendor partners and internal management were interviewed and/or participated in surveys to identify key topics of focus to be considered in future ESG strategy.

Environmental, Social & Governance Report

Additional information about how we invest in our team members, our communities and our environment can be found in our most recent Environmental, Social & Governance Report ("ESG Report"), which is available on our website, www.hibbett.com, under "Investor Relations." Nothing on our website, including our ESG Report, documents or sections thereof, shall be deemed incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K or incorporated by reference into any of our other filings with the SEC.

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Our Trademarks

Our Company, by and through subsidiaries, is the owner or licensee of trademarks that are very important to our business. Generally, trademarks are valid as long as they are in use and/or their registrations are properly maintained. Registrations of trademarks can generally be renewed indefinitely as long as the trademarks are in use.

Following is a list of active trademarks registered and owned by the Company:

Registered NameRegistration No.Registered NameRegistration No.
HIBBETT SPORTS2717584DEVEROES3479737
SPORTS ADDITIONS1767761GRINDHOUSE5107399
HIBBETT3275037GRINDHOUSE DENIM5107398
SOLE SCHOOL6549068SUPPORT HER SOLE7293063
City G.E.A.R4398655TOE-TO-HEAD6873901
City G.E.A.R.4413864TOE-2-HEAD6873900
CITY GEAR4675462T2H6873899
City GEAR5008316

Governmental Regulations
We must comply with various federal, state and local regulations, including regulations relating to consumer products and consumer protection, advertising and marketing, labor and employment, data protection and privacy, intellectual property, the environment and tax. In addition, we must comply with United States customs laws and similar laws of other countries associated with the import and export of merchandise. Ensuring our compliance with these various laws and regulations, and keeping abreast of changes to the legal and regulatory landscape present in our industry, requires us to expend considerable resources. For additional information, see "Risk Factors" under the sub-captions "Risks Related to Our Business and Industry" and "Risks Related to Governance, Regulatory, Legislative and Legal Matters."

Seasonality

We have historically experienced seasonal fluctuations. We typically experience higher net sales in early spring due to spring sports and annual tax refunds, late summer due to back-to-school shopping and winter due to holiday shopping. In addition, our quarterly results of operations may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, including the timing of new store openings, the amount and timing of net sales contributed by new stores, weather fluctuations, merchandise mix, demand for merchandise driven by local interest in sporting events and the timing of sales tax holidays and annual tax refunds.

Available Information

Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), are available free of charge through our website www.hibbett.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC. Our website is the primary source of publicly disclosed news about Hibbett, Inc. In addition to accessing copies of our reports online, you may request a copy of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, at no charge, by writing to: Investor Relations, Hibbett, Inc., 2700 Milan Court, Birmingham, Alabama 35211.

In addition, we make available, through our website, the Company’s Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, Corporate Governance Guidelines, Bylaws and the written charters of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. Information contained on our website is not included as part of, or incorporated by reference into, this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

You should carefully consider the following risks, as well as the other information contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The occurrence of one or more of the circumstances or events described in this section could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations, cash flows or on the trading prices of our common stock. The risks and
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uncertainties described in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not known to us at this time or that we currently believe are immaterial also may adversely affect our business and operations.

Risks Related to Our Business and Industry

Disruptions in the economy and in financial markets, inflationary pressures and increasing interest rates could adversely affect consumer purchases of discretionary items, which could reduce our net sales and adversely affect our business, results of operations, liquidity, cash flows and financial condition.

In general, our sales represent discretionary spending by our customers. Discretionary spending is affected by many factors that are outside our control, including, among others, general business conditions, inflation, interest rates, prices of non-discretionary consumer goods, household income, consumer debt levels, the availability of consumer credit, tax rates and tax refunds, sales tax holidays, energy prices, geopolitical conflicts, unemployment and underemployment trends, consumer confidence and spending and widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19. Disruptions in the U.S. economy, financial markets or other economic conditions affecting disposable consumer income may reduce the level of consumer spending and inhibit consumers’ use of credit, which may adversely affect our revenues, profits, liquidity and capital resources.

Inflation, as well as some of the measures taken by or that may be taken by the federal government in an attempt to curb inflation, including interest rate increases, may have negative effects on the U.S. economy, the financial health of our customers and our business. In recessionary periods or periods of slow growth, we have increased the number of promotional sales or otherwise disposed of inventory for which we previously paid to manufacture or committed to purchase and/or increased our marketing and promotional expenses in response to lower than anticipated levels of demand for our products, and we may have to implement those or similar measures in the future, which could adversely affect our profitability. Additionally, a reduction in customer traffic to our stores or a shift in customer spending to products other than those sold by us or to products sold by us that are less profitable could result in lower net sales, decreases in inventory turnover or a reduction in profitability due to lower margins. Our financial performance may also be particularly susceptible to economic and other conditions in regions or states where we have a significant number of stores.

We depend on our vendors to provide us with sufficient quantities of quality products in a timely and cost-effective fashion. If we lose any of our key vendors or any of our key vendors fail to supply us with quality brand name merchandise at competitive prices, we may not be able to meet the demand of our customers and our net sales and profitability could decline.

Our success is largely dependent on our consumers’ perception and connection to the brand names we carry, such as Nike, Jordan, adidas, Puma, New Balance and Under Armour, among others. Brand value is based in part on our customer’s perception on a variety of subjective qualities such that even an isolated incident could erode brand value and consumer trust, particularly if there is considerable publicity or litigation. Consumer demand for our products or brands could diminish significantly in the event of erosion of consumer confidence or trust, resulting in lower sales, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

In addition, as a retailer of manufacturers’ branded items, we are dependent on the availability and sufficient allocation of key products and brands. Our business is dependent upon close relationships with our vendors and our ability to purchase brand name merchandise at competitive prices. During Fiscal 2024, approximately 74% of our inventory was purchased from one vendor, Nike, who accounted for approximately 73% of our net sales. Our inability to obtain merchandise in a timely or cost-effective manner from major suppliers as a result of business decisions by suppliers, including the expansion of direct-to-consumer programs by our vendors, or disruptions in the global transportation network or our supply chains, such as port strikes and backlogs, geopolitical conflicts, weather conditions, work stoppages, labor shortages or other labor unrest, political or social unrest or widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Because of our strong dependence on Nike, any adverse development in Nike’s distribution strategy, financial condition, or results of operations, or the inability of Nike to develop and manufacture products that appeal to our target customers, could also have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. As a retailer, we cannot control the supply, design, function or cost of many of the products we offer for sale. Moreover, certain merchandise that is in high demand may be allocated by vendors based upon the vendors’ internal criteria, which are beyond our control.

As a result, our sales could decline if we are not provided with a sufficient allocation of high demand merchandise from one or more of our key vendors, including in the event one or more of our key vendors chooses to sell such merchandise in their direct-to-consumer business, or if our key vendors' merchandise were to decline in quantity, quality or desirability to our customers. Our
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profits could decline if we are unable to pass along any increases in the cost of brand merchandise from our key vendors, including costs resulting from higher tariffs or taxes on imported merchandise.

We believe that we have long-standing and strong relationships with our vendors and that we have adequate sources of brand name merchandise on competitive terms. However, the loss or decline of key vendor support, including return privileges, volume purchasing allowances and cooperative marketing funds, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. There can be no assurances that we will be able to acquire such merchandise at competitive prices or on competitive terms in the future.

We also rely on services and products from non-merchandise vendors. A disruption in these services or products due to the financial condition or inefficient operations of these vendors could adversely affect our business operations.

If we are unable to provide a relevant and reliable experience for our customers across multiple channels that is comparable to our competitors, we may not be able to compete effectively, and our sales, profitability and reputation may be adversely affected.

Our business has evolved from a purely in-store experience to interacting with customers across multiple channels (including, but not limited to, in-store, online, mobile apps and social media). Our customers use these channels to shop with us and provide feedback and public commentary about our business and the products we sell. Our evolving retailing efforts include implementing technology, software and processes to be able to conveniently and cost-effectively fulfill customer orders directly from any point within our system of stores and our wholesale and logistics and distribution facilities, and from vendors. Providing multiple fulfillment options and implementing new technology is complex and may not meet the expectations for accurate order fulfillment, faster and guaranteed delivery times, low-cost or free shipping and desired payment methods. If we fail to anticipate and meet changing customer expectations or counteract developments and investments by our competition; fail to collect accurate, relevant and usable customer data to personalize product offerings; or are unable to offset increased fulfillment costs, our results of operations could be adversely affected.

Our omni-channel platform integrates digital commerce with our stores to provide a seamless experience for our customers. Our mobile apps, buy online pickup in store ("BOPIS"), reserve online pickup in store ("ROPIS") and buy online ship to store ("BOSS") complement our e-commerce site and provide our customers with customized advanced features and shopping experiences. We cannot give any assurances that our omni-channel platform, including our mobile apps, BOPIS, ROPIS and BOSS, will perform in a manner that will give us the ability to attract and retain customers, increase sales and successfully compete with other online retailers. Moreover, to make available our omni-channel platform, we rely on various technology systems and services, some of which are provided and managed by third-party service providers. To the extent such third-party components do not perform or function as anticipated, such failure can significantly interfere in our ability to meet our customers' changing expectations. If we do not successfully provide a relevant and up-to-date digital experience, cannot attract online buyers through our omni-channel platform, or are unable to do so in a cost-efficient manner, our sales, profitability and reputation could be adversely affected.

The industry in which we operate is dependent upon fashion trends, customer preferences, product innovations and other fashion-related factors. Our inability to anticipate and respond quickly to changing customer preferences could reduce our net sales or profitability.

The athletic footwear and apparel industry, especially at the premium end of the price spectrum, is subject to changing fashion trends and customer preferences. A large part of our business is dependent on our ability to anticipate and respond quickly to changing customer preferences and effectively manage our inventory while maintaining sufficient inventory levels to operate effectively. Retailers in the athletic fashion industry rely on their suppliers to maintain innovation in the products they develop. We cannot guarantee that our merchandise selection will accurately reflect customer preferences when it is offered for sale or that we will be able to identify and respond quickly to fashion changes, particularly given the long lead times for ordering much of our merchandise from suppliers. Our failure to anticipate, identify or react appropriately in a timely manner to changes in fashion trends that would make athletic footwear or athletic apparel less attractive to our customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, if we do not obtain accurate and relevant data on customer preferences, predict and quickly respond to changing preferences, spending patterns and other lifestyle decisions, implement competitive and effective pricing and promotion strategies, or personalize our offerings to our customers, we may experience lost sales, aged and irrelevant inventory, and increased inventory markdowns, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

Inventory management is crucial to our business operations, and supply chain disruptions, which have negatively affected and
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could in the future negatively affect the flow or availability of certain products, have at times challenged our management of inventory positions and resulted in some delays in delivering products to our wholesale and logistics facility, stores or customers.

Pressure from our competitors may force us to reduce our prices or increase our spending on marketing and promotion, which could lower our net sales, gross profit and operating income.

The business in which we are engaged is highly competitive and rapidly evolving. The marketplace for athletic specialty merchandise is highly fragmented, as many different brick-and-mortar and online retailers compete for market share by utilizing a variety of formats and merchandising strategies. We compete directly and indirectly with specialty stores, department stores, traditional shoe stores, mass merchandisers, e-commerce retailers and national sporting goods superstores. In addition, we face increasing competition from vendors that sell directly to consumers, especially Nike. Increased competition from key vendors' direct-to-consumer programs may adversely affect our market share and reduce our revenues, as well as adversely impact our future product allocation from vendors.

Many of our competitors have greater financial, marketing, distribution, and delivery resources than we do, which enable them to spend significantly more on marketing and other initiatives. In addition, many of our competitors employ price discounting policies that, if intensified, may make it difficult for us to reach our sales goals without reducing our prices. Should our competitors increase spending on marketing and other initiatives such as additional discounting, should our marketing funds decrease for any reason, or should our marketing, promotions or initiatives be less effective than our competitors, there could be a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. As a result, we may also need to spend more on marketing, promotions, and initiatives than we anticipate. Inadequate marketing that is less effective than our competitors could inhibit our ability to maintain relevance in the marketplace and drive increased sales.

We cannot guarantee that we will continue to be able to compete successfully against existing or future competitors. Expansion into communities served by our competitors, entry of new competitors or expansion of existing competitors into the communities we serve could be detrimental to our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

We would be materially and adversely affected if all or a portion of our wholesale and logistics facility was disrupted.

Our wholesale and logistics facility is located in Alabaster, Alabama, a suburb of Birmingham, where we receive and ship a significant portion of our merchandise. Any natural disaster or other serious disruption to this facility would damage a portion of our inventory and could impair our ability to adequately stock our stores and process returns of products to vendors and could adversely affect our net sales and profitability. In addition, we could incur significantly higher costs and longer lead times associated with shipping our products to our stores during the time it takes for us to reopen or replace the facility.

Further, because we rely heavily on our wholesale and logistics facility, our growth could be limited if the facility reaches full capacity. Such restraint could result in a loss of market share and our inability to execute our business strategy and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results.

We depend on key personnel, the loss of which may adversely affect our ability to run our business effectively and our results of operations.

We benefit from the leadership and performance of our senior management team and other key employees. If we lose the services of any of our principal executive officers or other skilled and experienced personnel, we may not be able to fully implement our business strategy or run our business effectively and operating results could suffer. The Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors reviews, on a regular basis, a succession plan prepared by senior management that addresses the potential loss of key personnel positions. The goal of the succession plan is to have a contingency plan that minimizes disruptions in the workplace until a suitable replacement can be found, but no assurance can be given that we will be able to retain existing or attract additional qualified personnel when needed.

Further, as our business grows, we will need to attract and retain additional qualified personnel in a timely manner and develop, train and manage an increasing number of management-level sales team members and other employees. We have invested, and plan to continue to invest, in an environment in which our employees can deliver their best every day, and we endeavor to empower them by providing ongoing training, growth opportunities and competitive compensation and benefits packages. Competition for qualified employees could require us to pay higher wages and benefits to attract a sufficient number of qualified employees and increases in the minimum wage or other employee benefit costs could increase our operating expense. An inability to attract and retain personnel as needed in the future could negatively impact our net sales growth and operating results.

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Our inability or failure to protect our intellectual property rights, or any claimed infringement by us of third-party intellectual rights, could have a negative impact on our operating results.

Our trademarks, service marks, copyrights, patents, trade secrets, domain names, social media handles and other intellectual property are valuable assets that are critical to our success. The unauthorized reproduction or other misappropriation of our intellectual property could diminish the value of our brands and cause a decline in our revenue. In addition, any infringement or other intellectual property claim made against us could be time-consuming to address, result in costly litigation or result in our loss of ownership or use of the intellectual property.
We may face difficulties in meeting our labor needs to effectively operate our business.

We are heavily dependent upon our labor workforce in the geographic areas where we conduct our business. Our compensation packages are designed to provide benefits commensurate with our level of expected service. However, within our retail and logistics operations, we face the challenge of filling many positions at wage scales that are appropriate to the industry and other competitive factors. Many of our team members in our stores are in entry-level or part-time positions that historically have high rates of turnover. We are also dependent on the team members who staff our wholesale and logistics facility, many of whom are skilled. Recent inflationary pressures and shortages of skilled and entry-level employees have increased our labor costs, and there is the risk that prevailing wage rates for our labor workforce will continue to increase in the future and that the costs of employee benefits will continue to rise, resulting in increased expenses that could adversely affect our profitability. We also face other risks in meeting our labor needs, including competition for qualified personnel, overall unemployment and underemployment levels, demand for certain labor expertise, changing demographics, health and other insurance costs, adoption of new or revised employment and labor laws and regulations, and the impact of public health issues (including impacts related to COVID-19) or natural disasters or severe weather events (including due to climate change). Changes in any of these factors, including a shortage of available workforce in areas in which we operate, could interfere with our ability to adequately service our customers or to open suitable locations and could result in increasing labor costs.

A disruption in the flow of imported merchandise or an increase in the cost of those goods could significantly decrease our net sales and operating income.

Many of our largest vendors source a majority of their products from foreign countries. Imported goods are generally less expensive than domestic goods and contribute significantly to our favorable profit margins. Our ability to provide quality imported merchandise on a profitable basis may be subject to political and economic factors and influences that we cannot control. National or international events and changes in government trade or other policies, could directly or indirectly increase our merchandise costs and other costs that are critical to our operations. If imported merchandise becomes more expensive, we may find it difficult to pass the increase on to customers. If imported merchandise becomes unavailable, the transition to alternative sources by our vendors may not occur in time to meet our demands or the demands of our customers. Products from alternative sources may also be more expensive or may be of lesser quality than those our vendors currently import. Risks associated with reliance on imported goods include:
increases in the cost of purchasing or shipping foreign merchandise resulting from, for example, import tariffs, taxes or other governmental actions affecting trade, including the United States imposing anti-dumping or countervailing duty orders, safeguards, remedies or compensation and retaliation due to illegal foreign trade practices; foreign government regulations; rising commodity prices; increased costs of oceanic shipping; changes in currency exchange rates or policies and local economic conditions; and trade restrictions, including import quotas or loss of “most favored nation” status with the United States; and
disruptions in the flow of imported goods because of factors such as, raw material shortages, work stoppages, labor availability, widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19, and political unrest; problems with oceanic shipping, including blockages, backlogs or labor union strikes at U.S. or foreign ports; and economic crises and international disputes, including armed conflicts.

In addition, to the extent that any foreign manufacturer with whom our vendors are associated may directly or indirectly utilize labor practices that are not commonly accepted in the United States, we could be affected by any resulting negative publicity.

Increases in transportation or shipping costs and other factors may negatively impact our results of operations.

We rely upon various means of transportation, including ship and truck, to deliver products to our wholesale and logistics facility, our stores and our customers. Consequently, our results can vary depending upon the cost and availability of transportation, which has been impacted by the price of fuel and labor and other distribution challenges.

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The price of oil has fluctuated significantly over the last few years, and any increases in fuel costs, whether as a result of inflation or other macroeconomic factors, geopolitical conflicts or otherwise, would increase our transportation costs.

In addition, general labor shortages or strikes in the transportation or shipping industries could negatively affect transportation and shipping costs and our ability to supply our stores in a timely manner. Product delivery could also be subject to disruption due to raw material shortages, political unrest, oceanic shipping, port labor issues, international disputes, geopolitical conflicts, natural disasters, widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19, or terrorism. We rely on efficient and effective operations within our wholesale and logistics facility to ensure accurate product delivery to our stores. Failure to maintain such operations could adversely affect net sales.

Our operating results are subject to seasonal and quarterly fluctuations. Furthermore, our quarterly operating results, including comparable store net sales, will fluctuate and may not be a meaningful indicator of future performance.

We experience seasonal fluctuations in our net sales and results of operations. We typically experience higher net sales in early spring due to spring sports and annual tax refunds, late summer due to back-to-school shopping and winter due to holiday shopping. Adverse events outside of our control, such as supply chain interruptions, increased labor costs and labor availability, decreased consumer traffic as a result of widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19, geopolitical conflicts or otherwise or deteriorating economic conditions could result in lower than expected sales during the holiday season or other periods in which we typically experience higher net sales and have and could in the future materially impact our financial condition and results of operations. In addition, our quarterly results of operations may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, including the timing of new store openings, the amount and timing of net sales contributed by new stores, weather fluctuations, merchandise mix, demand for merchandise driven by local interest in sporting events and the timing of sales tax holidays and annual tax refunds. Any of these events, particularly in the fourth quarter or other periods in which we typically experience higher net sales, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and operating results for the entire fiscal year.

Comparable store net sales vary from quarter to quarter, and an unanticipated decline in comparable store net sales may cause the price of our common stock to fluctuate significantly. Factors that could affect our comparable store net sales results include shifts in consumer tastes and fashion trends; calendar shifts of holiday or seasonal periods; the timing of income tax refunds to customers; increases in personal income taxes paid by our customers; calendar shifts or cancellations of sales tax-free holidays in certain states; the success or failure of college and professional sports teams or the cancellation of sporting events within our core regions; changes in or lack of tenants in the shopping centers in which we are located; pricing, promotions or other actions taken by us or our existing or possible new competitors; unseasonable weather conditions or natural disasters; political or social unrest; and reduced consumer traffic due to widespread public health events or pandemics, including COVID-19.

We cannot assure you that comparable store net sales will increase at the rates achieved in prior periods or that rates will not decline.

Global climate change and related regulations could negatively affect our business.

The effects of climate change, such as extreme weather conditions, create financial risks to our business. The demand for our products may be affected by extreme weather conditions, such as droughts, wildfires and flooding. These types of extreme weather events have and may continue to adversely impact us, our suppliers, our customers and their ability to purchase our products and our ability to timely receive appropriate inventory and transport our products on a timely basis. The effects of climate change could also disrupt our and our suppliers’ operations by impacting the availability and cost of materials needed for manufacturing and could increase insurance and other operating costs. We could also face indirect financial risks passed through the supply chain and disruptions that could result in increased prices for our products and the resources needed to produce them.

Furthermore, the long-term impacts of climate change, whether involving physical risks (such as extreme weather conditions, drought or rising sea levels) or transition risks (such as regulatory or technology changes) are expected to be widespread and unpredictable. Certain impacts of physical risk may include: temperature changes that increase the heating and cooling costs at our facilities; extreme weather patterns that affect the production or sourcing of certain products; flooding and extreme storms that damage or destroy our buildings and inventory; and heat and extreme weather events that cause long-term disruption or threats to the habitability of our customers’ communities. Relative to transition risk, certain impacts may include: changes in energy and commodity prices driven by climate-related weather events; prolonged climate-related events affecting macroeconomic conditions with related effects on consumer spending and confidence; stakeholder perception of our engagement in climate-related policies; and new regulatory requirements resulting in higher compliance risk and operational costs.

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Climate change is continuing to receive ever increasing attention worldwide, which could lead to additional legislative and regulatory efforts to increase transparency and standardization of reporting of greenhouse gas emissions, energy policies and renewable energy. Compliance with any new or more stringent laws or regulations, or stricter interpretations of existing laws, could require increased capital expenditures to improve our product portfolio to meet such new laws, regulations and standards.

Our business could be negatively impacted by the public perception of our corporate ESG initiatives and efforts.

In addition to the increased legislative and regulatory attention to climate change, there is a rapidly evolving and increased focus from U.S. and foreign governmental and nongovernmental authorities and from certain investors, customers, consumers, employees and other stakeholders concerning corporate ESG matters. From time to time, we announce certain initiatives which include environmental matters, packaging and waste, responsible sourcing, social investments and inclusion and diversity. We could fail, or be perceived to fail, in our achievement of such initiatives, or we could fail in accurately reporting our progress on such initiatives. Such failures could be due to changes in our business. Moreover, the standards by which ESG initiatives and related efforts are measured are developing and evolving, and certain areas are subject to assumptions, which could change over time. In addition, as the result of such heightened public focus on sustainability matters, we may face increased pressure to provide expanded disclosure, make or expand commitments, set targets, or establish goals and take actions to meet such goals, in connection with such matters. We could also be criticized for the scope of such initiatives or goals or perceived as not acting responsibly in connection with these matters. Any such matters, or related corporate ESG initiatives and efforts, could adversely affect our business, results of operations, cash flows and financial condition.

Risks Related to Technology

Security threats, including physical and cybersecurity threats, and unauthorized disclosure of sensitive or confidential information could cause us to incur substantial expenses, result in litigation or other legal actions, adversely affect our operating results, and harm our business and reputation with consumers.

The protection of Company, customer and employee data is critical to us. Through our sales, marketing activities and use of third-party information, we collect and retain certain personally identifiable information that our customers provide to purchase products, enroll in promotional and loyalty programs, register on our website or otherwise communicate and interact with us. This may include, but is not limited to, names, addresses, phone numbers, driver license numbers, email addresses, contact preferences, personally identifiable information stored on electronic devices and payment account information, including credit and debit card information. We also gather and retain information about our employees in the normal course of business. Furthermore, our online operations depend upon the secure transmission of confidential information over public networks, such as information permitting cashless payments. We rely on commercially available systems, software, tools and monitoring, including those controlled by third-party providers, to provide security for processing, transmission and storage of all such data, including confidential information.

Cyber threats are rapidly evolving and becoming increasingly sophisticated. Ever-evolving threats mean we must continually evaluate and adapt our systems and processes. We have security measures designed to protect against the misappropriation or corruption of our systems, intentional or unintentional disclosure of confidential information or disruption of our operations. Our risk remediation procedures include an annual IT risk assessment based on the SANS Institute Critical Security Controls framework, which prioritizes security functions that are effective against the latest advanced targeted threats while emphasizing security controls that have demonstrated real world effectiveness. While we maintain insurance coverage that may, subject to policy terms and exclusions, cover certain aspects of our cyber risks, such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover our losses or all types of claims that may arise in the continually evolving area of cyber risk. See Item 1C. Cybersecurity.

These security measures may be compromised as a result of ransomware, third-party breaches, burglaries, cyberattacks, computer viruses, worms, bot attacks, other destructive or disruptive software, errors or malfeasance by employees or employees of third-party vendors, faulty password management, social engineering, misappropriation by third parties or other irregularity, and result in persons obtaining unauthorized access to our data or accounts, data loss or data theft or alteration. Despite implementing safeguards for the protection of such information, we cannot be certain that all of our systems and those of our vendors and unaffiliated third parties are entirely free from vulnerability to attack or compromise. During the normal course of our business, we and the businesses with which we interact have experienced and we expect to continue to experience attempts to breach our systems. There is no assurance that our security controls and practices will prevent the improper disclosure, access or use of confidential, proprietary or sensitive data, and we may be unable to protect sensitive data and the integrity of our systems or to prevent data loss, data alteration or fraudulent purchases. Moreover, an alleged or actual security breach that affects our systems or results in the unauthorized release of personally identifiable information could:
materially damage our reputation and negatively affect customer sales, satisfaction and loyalty;
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expose us to negative publicity, individual claims or consumer class actions, administrative, civil or criminal investigations or actions, including liability under privacy, security and consumer protection laws or enforcement actions, fines or regulatory proceedings; and
cause us to incur substantial costs, including but not limited to, costs associated with remediation for or recovery of stolen assets or information, including ransom costs paid to cyber attackers, costs for sending legally required notifications to customers or other affected individuals, litigation costs, lost revenues resulting from disruption in our systems or business, unauthorized use of proprietary information or the failure to retain or attract customers following an attack, and increased cyber protection costs to guard against opportunities for re-occurrence of the breach.

There are relatively new State Privacy Laws (as defined further below), as well as additional laws that are coming into effect or are contemplated, that could impose additional liability on us for any failure to maintain certain security standards. For example, the California Consumer Privacy Act ("CCPA"), as modified by the California Privacy Rights Act ("CPRA") provides a private right of action to California residents for data breaches.

Problems with our information systems could disrupt our operations and negatively impact our financial results and materially adversely affect our business operations. If services we obtain from third parties are unavailable, disrupted, or fail to meet our standards and expectations, our operations could be adversely affected.

Our information systems, including our back-up systems, are subject to damage or interruption from power outages; computer and telecommunications failures; computer viruses, worms, ransomware, and other malicious computer programs; denial-of-service attacks; security breaches (through cyberattacks from cyberattackers or sophisticated organizations); catastrophic events such as fires, tornadoes, earthquakes and hurricanes; and internal usage errors. Additionally, we have adopted a hybrid remote work environment which relies on the efficiency and functionality of our information systems. If our information systems and our back-up systems are damaged, breached or cease to function properly, we may have to make a significant investment to repair or replace them, and we may suffer loss of critical data and interruptions or delays in our business operations. Any material disruption, malfunction or other similar problems in or with our core information systems could negatively impact our financial results and materially adversely affect our business operations.

We rely on third-party systems to support our business, including our use of an independent service provider for electronic payment processing. If any of these systems fail to function properly, it could disrupt our operations, including our ability to track, record and analyze the merchandise that we sell, process shipments of goods, process financial information or credit card transactions, deliver products, pay our associates, engage with customers through customer service or engage in other normal business activities. If we are unable to contract with third parties having the specialized skills needed to support those strategies or integrate their products and services with our business, or if they fail to meet our performance standards and expectations, our reputation and results of operations could be adversely affected.

We are subject to payment-related risks that could increase our operating costs, subject us to potential liability, and potentially disrupt our business.

We collect customer data, including encrypted and tokenized credit card information, in our stores and online. For our sales channels to function successfully, we and third parties involved in processing customer transactions for us must be able to transmit confidential information, including credit card information, securely over public networks. While we have measures in place designed to prevent a breach or unauthorized use or disclosure of customer data and other sensitive personal information, we cannot guarantee that any of our security measures or the security measures of third parties with whom we work will effectively prevent others from obtaining unauthorized access to our customers’ information or other personally identifiable information. As a retailer accepting debit and credit cards for payment, we are subject to various industry data protection standards and protocols, such as payment network security operating guidelines and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard. We cannot be certain that the security measures we maintain to protect all of our information technology systems are able to prevent, contain or detect cyberattacks, cyberterrorism, security breaches or other compromises from known malware or ransomware or other threats that may be developed in the future. If someone is able to circumvent our data security measures or those of third parties with whom we do business, they could destroy or steal valuable information or disrupt our operations. If such a breach were to occur, customers could lose confidence in our ability to secure their information and choose not to purchase from us. Any unauthorized use of or access to customer information could expose us to data loss or manipulation, litigation and legal liability, and could seriously disrupt operations, negatively impact our marketing capabilities, cause us to incur significant expenses to notify customers of the breach and for other remediation activities, and harm our reputation and brand, any of which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.

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In addition, state, federal, and foreign governments are increasingly enacting laws and regulations to protect consumers against identity theft and consumer privacy, which may apply specifically to, or include, payment-related information. Many of these laws and regulations are subject to uncertain application, interpretation or enforcement standards that could result in claims, changes to our business practices, data processing and security systems, penalties, increased operation costs or other impacts on our business. These laws and regulations will likely increase the costs of doing business, and if we fail to implement appropriate procedures, security measures, or detect and provide prompt notice of unauthorized access as required by some of these laws and regulations, we could be subject to potential claims for damages and other remedies, government enforcement actions, liability for monetary damages, fines and/or criminal prosecution, all of which could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

Emerging technologies may create disruption to the retail industry.

New and emerging technologies may enable new approaches or choices for how our customers procure goods and services and pay for those goods and services. We may be unable to quickly adapt to rapid change resulting from advancements in artificial intelligence, blockchain and cryptocurrency, Internet of Things (IoT), including voice and smart home devices, metaverse and other advanced technologies that may result in changes to our supply chain, distribution channels and point-of-sale capabilities.

Risks Related to Our Capital Structure

Indebtedness that we may incur in the future could adversely affect our financial condition, limit our ability to obtain additional financing, restrict our operations and make us more vulnerable to economic downturns and competitive pressures. In addition, we face risk that our financial institution may fail to fulfill commitments under our 2023 Credit Facility.

As of February 3, 2024, we had $45.3 million outstanding under our 2023 Credit Facility. The 2023 Credit Facility matures on February 28, 2028, and is unsecured.

Given the International Exchange Benchmark Administration’s phase-out of the London Interbank Offering Rate (LIBOR), the variable interest rate under the 2023 Credit Facility is determined based on the Bloomberg Short-Term Bank Yield (BSBY) Index Rate. Use of an alternate interest index such as BSBY may in the future lead to additional volatility in interest rates and could comparatively increase our debt service obligations.

In addition, Regions Bank is committed to continue providing loans under the 2023 Credit Facility through February 28, 2028. There is a risk that this institution cannot deliver against its obligation in a timely matter, or at all. If Regions Bank were to default on its obligation to fund the commitments under the 2023 Credit Facility, this loan would not be available to us, which could adversely affect our liquidity and financial condition. For discussion of our 2023 Credit Facility, see “Liquidity and Capital Resources” in Item 7 and Note 4, Debt, to our consolidated financial statements.

The market price of our Common Stock may be volatile and ownership of our Common Stock comes with inherent risks.

The market price of our common stock has been and is likely to continue to be highly volatile, and such volatility could expose us to securities class action litigation. Factors that could cause fluctuations in the price of our common stock may include, among other things, actual or anticipated variations in quarterly operating results; changes in financial estimates by investment analysts and our inability to meet or exceed those estimates; additions or departures of key personnel; market rumors or announcements by us or by our competitors of significant acquisitions, divestitures or joint ventures, strategic partnerships, large capital commitments or other strategic initiatives; changes in retail sales data that indicate consumers may spend less on discretionary purchases; and sales of our common stock by key personnel or large institutional holders.

Many of these factors are beyond our control and may cause the market price of our common stock to decline, regardless of our operating performance.

There can be no assurance that we will continue to repurchase our common stock or that we will repurchase our common stock at favorable prices.

In May 2021, our Board of Directors authorized the expansion of our Repurchase Program by $500.0 million to a total of $800.0 million, as well as its extending the Repurchase Program to February 1, 2025. Repurchases may be made from time to time in the open market (including, without limitation, through the use of Rule 10b5-1 plans), depending on a number of factors, including our evaluation of general market and economic conditions, our financial condition and the trading price of our common stock. The Repurchase Program may be extended, modified, suspended or discontinued at any time. We expect to fund the Repurchase Program with existing cash on hand, cash generated from operations, and/or borrowings under our credit facility then in effect. A
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reduction in, or the completion or expiration of, our Repurchase Program could have a negative effect on our stock price. We can provide no assurance that we will repurchase our common stock at favorable prices, or at all.

In 2022, President Biden signed into law the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (Inflation Reduction Act). The Inflation Reduction Act imposes on a publicly-traded corporation a new, nondeductible excise tax equal to 1% of the fair market value of any stock of the corporation that is repurchased after December 31, 2022 by the corporation during its taxable year. Because this excise tax would be payable by us, and not by a redeeming holder, the imposition of this excise tax could cause a reduction in the cash available on hand to implement the Repurchase Program.

We currently pay a quarterly cash dividend, however, there can be no assurance as to the declaration or amount of future dividends.

We currently pay a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share. However, any decision to declare and pay dividends in the future, and the amount of any such dividends, will be dependent on a variety of factors, including compliance with Section 170 of the Delaware General Corporation Law; changes to our capital allocation strategy and policies; our results of operation, liquidity and cash flows; contractual restrictions in our debt agreements; economic conditions, other macroeconomic impacts on our business and financial condition, such as inflationary pressure; and other factors the Board of Directors may deem relevant. There can be no assurance that we will continue to declare dividends in any particular amounts or at all, and changes in our dividend policy could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

Risks Related to Governance, Regulatory, Legislative and Legal Matters

Provisions in our charter documents and Delaware law might deter acquisition bids for us.

Certain provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws may be deemed to have anti-takeover effects and may discourage, delay or prevent a takeover attempt that a stockholder might consider in its best interest. These provisions, among other things:
classify our Board of Directors into three classes, each of which serves for different three-year periods;
provide that a director may be removed by stockholders only for cause by a vote of the holders of not less than a majority of our shares entitled to vote;
provide that all vacancies on our Board of Directors, including any vacancies resulting from an increase in the number of directors, may be filled by a majority of the remaining directors, even if the number is less than a quorum; and
call for a vote of the holders of not less than two-thirds of the shares entitled to vote in order to amend the foregoing provisions and certain other provisions of our certificate of incorporation and bylaws.

In addition, our Board of Directors, without further action of the stockholders, is permitted to issue and fix the terms of preferred stock, which may have rights senior to those of common stock. We are also subject to the Delaware business combination statute, which may render a change in control of us more difficult. Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law would be expected to have an anti-takeover effect with respect to transactions not approved in advance by the Board of Directors, including discouraging takeover attempts that might result in a premium over the market price for the shares of common stock held by stockholders.

Changes in federal, state or local laws could increase our expenses and expose us to legal risks. Failure to comply with federal, state or local laws could materially adversely affect our reputation and market position and subject us to legal claims and litigation, cause us to incur substantial additional costs, and materially affect our business and operating results.

We are subject to numerous laws and regulatory matters relating to the conduct of our business. In addition, certain jurisdictions have taken a particularly aggressive stance with respect to certain matters and have stepped up enforcement, including fines and other sanctions. Such laws and regulatory matters include:
The California Consumer Privacy Act ("CCPA"), which was significantly modified by the California Privacy Rights Act ("CPRA"), new comprehensive privacy legislation in Virginia, Colorado, Connecticut and Utah, and other emerging privacy and IT security laws (together, State Privacy Laws);
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act ("TCPA") provisions that regulate telemarketing, auto-dialed and pre-recorded calls as well as text messages and unsolicited faxes;
Labor and employment laws that govern employment matters such as minimum wage, exempt employment status, overtime, family leave mandates and workplace safety regulations;
Securities and exchange laws and regulations;
New or changing laws relating to cybersecurity, privacy, cashless payments and consumer credit, protection and fraud;
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New or changing laws and regulations concerning product safety or truth in advertising;
The Americans with Disabilities Act and similar state laws that give civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the context of employment, public accommodations and other areas;
New or changing federal and state immigration laws and regulations;
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act provisions;
New or changing environmental regulations, including measures related to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions;
New or changing laws relating to federal, state and local taxation and licensing, including sales and use tax laws, withholding taxes and property taxes; and
Regulations administered by various youth sports leagues and organizations.

Changes in domestic policy, including significant changes in tax, trade, healthcare and other laws and regulations could affect our operations. For example, tax proposals may include changes, which could, if implemented, have an adverse or a beneficial impact on our operations, including a “border adjustment tax” or new import tariffs, which could adversely affect us because we sell imported products. Unknown matters, new laws and regulations or stricter interpretations of existing laws or regulations may affect our business or operations in the future and could lead to government enforcement and resulting litigation by private litigants. Increasing regulations could expose us to a challenging enforcement environment or to third-party liability (such as monetary recoveries and recoveries of attorney’s fees) and could have a material adverse effect on our business and results of operations. In addition, we continue to monitor the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 and related regulatory developments to evaluate their potential impact on our business, tax rate and financial results.

Our corporate Legal department monitors regulatory activity and is active in notifying and updating applicable departments and personnel on pertinent matters and legislation. Our Human Resources ("HR") department leads compliance training programs to ensure our field managers are kept abreast of HR-related regulatory activity that affects their areas of responsibility. We believe that we are in substantial compliance with applicable environmental and other laws and regulations, and although no assurances can be given, we do not foresee the need for any significant expenditures in this area in the near future.

We rely on a variety of direct marketing techniques, including email, text messages and postal mailings. Any new or emerging restrictions in federal or state laws regarding marketing and solicitation or data protection laws that govern these activities could adversely affect the continuing effectiveness of email, text messages and postal mailing techniques and could force changes in our marketing strategies. If this occurs, we may need to develop alternative marketing strategies, which may not be as effective and could impact the amount and timing of our revenues. Further, any new or emerging privacy laws, or regulations issued under those laws, could include onerous and expensive compliance obligations regarding notice, consent and retention as well as provide new rights for customers such as rights to notification, deletion, amendment, non-discrimination, opt-outs of marketing and sales of data and appeal rights, and such laws and regulations could require us to modify our data processing practices and policies that could lead to regulatory actions or litigation, and potentially fines and damages for non-compliance. The costs of compliance with, and the other burdens imposed by, these and other laws or regulatory actions may increase our operational costs and/or affect our customers’ willingness to permit us to use and store personal information, and/or affect our ability to invest in or jointly develop products. In addition, to the extent that new or emerging laws or regulations impact our obligations with respect to our employee data, we may be required to incur substantial costs to modify our practices.

While we strive to adhere our practices and procedures to these laws, they are subject to evolving regulations, interpretations and regulator discretion. To the extent a regulator or court disagrees with our interpretation of these laws and determines that our practices are not in compliance with applicable laws and regulations, we could be subject to civil and criminal penalties that could adversely affect the continued operation of our businesses, including significant legal and financial exposure, damage to our reputation, and have a material adverse effect on our business operations, financial condition and results of operations. The State Privacy Laws also provide for civil penalties for violations, and the CCPA and CPRA also provide a private right of action for data breaches that may increase data breach litigation. We may also face audits or investigations by one or more state government agencies relating to our compliance with applicable privacy laws and regulations. We may also be exposed to litigation, regulatory fines, penalties or other sanctions if the personal, confidential or proprietary information of our customers is mishandled or misused by any of our suppliers, counterparties or other third parties, or if such third parties do not have appropriate controls in place to protect such personal, confidential or proprietary information.

We cannot be assured that we will not experience pressure from labor unions or become the target of labor union campaigns.

While we believe we maintain good relations with our employees, we cannot provide any assurances that we will not experience pressure from labor unions or become the target of labor union campaigns. The potential for unionization could increase in the United States if federal legislation or regulatory changes are adopted that would facilitate labor organization. Significant union representation would require us to negotiate wages, salaries, benefits and other terms with many of our employees collectively
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and could adversely affect our results of operations by increasing our labor costs or otherwise restricting our ability to maximize the efficiency of our operations.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 1C. Cybersecurity.

Cybersecurity Risk Management and Strategy

Our cybersecurity strategy prioritizes detection, analysis, and response to known, anticipated or unexpected cybersecurity threats; effective management of cybersecurity risks; and resiliency against incidents. Our cybersecurity risk management processes include technical security controls, policy enforcement mechanisms, monitoring systems, team member training, contractual arrangements, tools and related services from third-party providers, and management oversight to assess, identify and manage material risks from cybersecurity threats. We implement risk-based controls to protect our information, the information of our customers, vendors, and other third parties, our information systems and our business operations. Multi-factor authentication and principles of “Zero Trust” are integral to our control environment. We have adopted security-control principles based on the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard and the CIS Critical Security Controls Cybersecurity Framework, other industry-recognized standards, and contractual requirements, as applicable. We leverage industry associations, third-party benchmarking, results from internal and third-party audits, threat intelligence feeds, and other similar resources to inform our cybersecurity processes and plans.

We maintain cybersecurity programs that include physical, administrative, and technical safeguards, and we maintain plans and procedures with the objective of helping us prevent and timely and effectively respond to cybersecurity threats or cybersecurity incidents. Through our defense strategy and cybersecurity risk management process, we continuously monitor cybersecurity vulnerabilities and potential attack vectors to Company systems. We evaluate the potential operational and financial effects of any threat and of cybersecurity countermeasures made to defend against such threats. We integrate our cybersecurity practices into our Enterprise Risk Management (“ERM”) program, which is overseen by our Audit Committee and provides central, standardized frameworks for identifying and tracking cyber-related business and compliance risks across the Company. In addition, we periodically engage third-party consultants to assist us in assessing, enhancing, implementing, and monitoring our cybersecurity risk management programs and responding to any incidents. This process includes regular penetration and vulnerability testing.

We have developed a formal Incident Response Plan focused on: 1) preparation, 2) detection and analysis, including determination of materiality, 3) containment, eradication, and recovery, and 4) post-incident analysis. We maintain and enforce Company level information system security policies that include possible disciplinary actions for violations.

As part of our cybersecurity risk management process, we conduct “tabletop” exercises during which we simulate cybersecurity incidents to ensure that we are prepared to respond to such an incident and to highlight any areas for potential improvement in our cybersecurity incident preparedness. Third-party specialists may be involved in these exercises, which are conducted at both the technical level and senior management level. Historically, certain members of our Board of Directors have participated as well. Learnings from these exercises are incorporated into our Incident Response Plan. In addition, all team members are required to pass mandatory cybersecurity training courses on a regular basis and receive phishing simulations to provide “experiential learning” on how to recognize phishing attempts. Training is administered and tracked through online learning modules and is supplemented by regular Company communications on cybersecurity topics.

We have established a cybersecurity supply chain risk management program, which is a cross-functional program that forms part of our ERM program and is supported by our security, compliance, and supply chain organizations. Through this evolving program, we assess the risks from cybersecurity threats that impact select suppliers and third-party vendors with whom we share personal identifying and confidential information. This cyber risk assessment is performed for applicable third-party vendors during the vendor onboarding process and the results are factored into our risk-based vendor selection decision. We continue to evolve our oversight processes to mature how we identify and manage cybersecurity risks associated with the products or services we procure from such suppliers. We generally require that our suppliers adopt and maintain security-control principles based on industry-recognized standards.

We do not believe that any risks we have identified to date from cybersecurity threats, including as a result of any previous cybersecurity incidents, have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect us or our business strategy, results of
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operations or financial condition. However, notwithstanding our processes, policies and procedures designed to monitor and mitigate the risks of cybersecurity threats, there can be no assurance that we or third parties with which we interact will not experience a cybersecurity incident that materially affects us in the future. Additionally, while we have in place insurance coverage designed to address certain aspects of cybersecurity risks, such insurance coverage may be insufficient to cover all insured losses or all types of claims that may arise. See “Risks Related to Technology” in “Risk Factors” of this Form 10-K.

Governance

Our Board of Directors has general oversight responsibility for our strategic and business risk management and has delegated cybersecurity risk management oversight to the Audit Committee, which reports on its activities and findings to the full Board after each quarterly meeting. Our Audit Committee is responsible for ensuring that management has processes in place designed to identify and evaluate cybersecurity risks to which the company is or may be exposed and to implement processes and programs to manage cybersecurity risks and mitigate cybersecurity incidents.

Management is responsible for identifying, assessing, and managing cybersecurity risks on an ongoing basis, establishing processes to ensure that cybersecurity risk exposures are monitored, establishing appropriate mitigation measures, maintaining cybersecurity policies and procedures, and providing regular reports to our Board of Directors, including through the Audit Committee. Our Senior Vice President and Chief Information Officer (“CIO”), who has over 30 years of industry experience, leads our cybersecurity program and is supported by our Information Security Officer and team members holding relevant certifications. The CIO reports to the Audit Committee on cybersecurity risks at each of its quarterly meetings. These reports include assessments of cybersecurity risks, the current and emerging threat landscape, updates on any incidents, and reports on our investments in cybersecurity risk mitigation and governance.

The Audit Committee has identified two of its members, Ramesh Chikkala and Karen Etzkorn, both with expertise in cybersecurity risk management, as cybersecurity professionals. Furthermore, the Audit Committee has designated Ms. Etzkorn to meet regularly with management to review our cybersecurity strategy, key initiatives and progress toward our objectives. In the event of a potentially material cybersecurity event, the Chair of the Audit Committee would be notified and briefed, and meetings of the Audit Committee and/or full Board of Directors would be held, as appropriate.

Item 2.    Properties.

We own our Store Support Center in Birmingham, Alabama, and our wholesale and logistics facility in Alabaster, Alabama. We lease all our existing store locations and expect that our policy of leasing rather than owning our store locations will continue for new store openings. Our leases typically provide for terms of five to ten years with options on our part to extend. Most leases also contain a kick-out clause if projected sales levels are not met and an early termination/remedy option if co-tenancy and exclusivity provisions are violated. We believe this leasing strategy enhances our flexibility to pursue various expansion opportunities resulting from changing market conditions and to periodically reevaluate store locations. 

As current leases expire, we believe we will either be able to obtain lease renewals for present store locations or to obtain leases for equivalent or better locations in the same general area. We believe our wholesale and logistics facility is suitable and adequate to support our operations for many years. 

As of February 3, 2024, we operated 1,169 stores in 36 contiguous states. Of these stores, 225 are in enclosed malls, 32 are free-standing and 912 are in strip-shopping centers, which are frequently near a major chain retailer. 

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings.

Information relating to material legal proceedings is set forth in Note 9, Commitments and Contingencies, to our Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.
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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

The principal market on which our common stock is listed is the Nasdaq Global Select Market. Our common stock trades under the symbol “HIBB.” As of March 21, 2024, we had 10 stockholders of record.

COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN

The graph below compares the cumulative five-year total shareholder return on our common stock with the cumulative total returns of the Nasdaq Composite index and the Dow Jones US Specialty Retailers TSM Index. The graph tracks the five-year performance of a $100 investment in our common stock and in each index (with the reinvestment of all dividends) from January 31, 2019 to January 31, 2024.

785
1/191/201/211/221/231/24
Hibbett, Inc.100.00151.65345.47380.75415.79427.53
Nasdaq Composite100.00127.03183.04200.70164.68217.36
Dow Jones US Specialty Retailers TSM100.00109.56162.19158.4149.76172.06
Copyright© 2024 S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, a division of S&P Global. All rights reserved.

The stock price performance included in this graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.

Dividend Policy

While during Fiscal 2024 we paid a quarterly dividend of $0.25 per share and expect to pay comparable cash dividends in the future, the declaration of dividends and the establishment of the per share amount, record dates and payment dates for any such future dividends are subject to the final determination of our Board of Directors and will be dependent upon our financial condition, results of operations, capital requirements and such other factors as our Board of Directors deems relevant. There can be no assurance that we will continue to declare dividends in any particular amounts or at all, and changes in our dividend policy could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

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Equity Compensation Plans

For information on securities authorized for issuance under our equity compensation plans, see Part III, Item 12, "Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.”

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The Company did not repurchase any shares of its common stock during the 14-weeks ended February 3, 2024.

Item 6. Reserved.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

As you read Management's Discussion and analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, please refer to our consolidated financial statements, included in Part II. Item 8., Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. See Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements and Part I, Item 1A., Risk Factors.
General Overview
We are a leading athletic-inspired fashion retailer primarily located in underserved communities across the country. Founded in 1945, Hibbett stores have a rich history of convenient locations, personalized customer service and access to coveted footwear and apparel from top brands like Nike, Jordan, and adidas. As of February 3, 2024, we operated a total of 1,169 retail stores in 36 states composed of 960 Hibbett stores, 193 City Gear stores and 16 Sports Additions athletic shoe stores.

Our Hibbett stores average 5,800 square feet and are located primarily in strip centers, which are usually near a major chain retailer. Our City Gear stores average 5,200 square feet and are located primarily in strip centers. Our Sports Additions stores average 2,900 square feet with the majority located in malls and usually near a Hibbett store. Our store base consisted of 912 stores located in strip centers, 32 free-standing stores and 225 enclosed mall locations as of February 3, 2024.

We operate on a 52- or 53-week fiscal year ending on the Saturday nearest to January 31 of each year. The consolidated statements of operations for Fiscal 2024 included 53 weeks of operations. Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022 each included 52 weeks of operations. Fiscal 2025 will include 52 weeks of operations.

Our merchandising emphasizes a TOE-TO-HEAD® approach. We provide a broad assortment of premium brand name footwear, apparel, accessories and team sports equipment at competitive prices in a full service omni-channel environment. We believe that the assortment of brand name merchandise we offer consistently exceeds the merchandise selection carried by most of our competitors, particularly in our underserved communities and neighborhood centers. We coordinate with our vendors to educate our sales staff at the store level on new products and trends.

Comparable Store Sales - Stores deemed as comparable stores include our Hibbett, City Gear and Sports Additions stores open throughout the reporting period and the corresponding fiscal period referenced, and e-commerce sales. We consider comparable store sales to be a key indicator of our current performance; measuring the growth in sales and sales productivity of existing stores. Management believes that positive comparable store sales contribute to greater leveraging of operating costs, particularly payroll and occupancy costs, while negative comparable store sales contribute to deleveraging of costs. Comparable store sales also have a direct impact on our total net sales and the level of cash flow.

If a store remodel, relocation or expansion results in the store being closed for a significant period, its sales are removed from the comparable store sales base until it has been open a full 12 months. In addition, rebranded stores are treated as new stores and are not presented in comparable store sales until they have been open a full 12 months under the new brand.

Fiscal 2024 included 53 weeks of operations and the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2024 included 14 weeks of operations. The comparable sales calculations for the fiscal year and the fourth quarter exclude the impact of the extra week.


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In addition to e-commerce sales, we included the following number of stores in comparable store sales:

Fiscal 2024
Fiscal 2023
Fiscal 2022
1,0821,0551,034
Executive Summary

Following is a highlight of our financial results over the last three fiscal years:

Fiscal 2024
(53-weeks)
Fiscal 2023
(52-weeks)
Fiscal 2022
(52-weeks)
Net sales (in millions)$1,729 $1,708 $1,691 
Operating income, percentage to net sales
7.9 %9.9 %13.5 %
Comparable store sales
(3.1)%(2.2)%17.4 %
Net income (in millions)
$103 $128 $174 
Net income, percentage (decrease) increase(19.4)%(26.5)%134.7 %
Diluted earnings per share
$8.17 $9.62 $11.19 

During Fiscal 2024, we opened 44 stores and closed eight stores. The store base stands at 1,169 in 36 states as of February 3, 2024. During Fiscal 2023, we opened 43 stores and closed six stores. Inventory on a per store basis decreased 20.7% compared to Fiscal 2023 as the supply chain became more consistent and predictable while our product assortments and in-stock quantities were adjusted to more closely align with current consumer demand and expected seasonal sales patterns.

We ended Fiscal 2024 with $21.2 million of available cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated balance sheet and had $45.3 million outstanding and $114.7 million remaining under our $160.0 million 2023 Credit Facility at February 3, 2024. See Note 4, Debt, of Item 8, Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, for additional information.

For Fiscal 2024, total Company-wide square footage increased 3.4%. To supplement new store openings, we continued to expand high performing stores, increasing the square footage by an average of 27.6% in four existing stores in Fiscal 2024.

53rd Week and Change in Accounting Estimate
Total net product sales for the 53rd week of Fiscal 2024 were approximately $22.8 million. The extra week increased full year net income by an estimated $2.6 to $2.8 million. This translates to an approximate diluted EPS range of $0.21 to $0.22 for the full year. In addition, during the 14-weeks ended February 3, 2024, we recorded a $3.5 million increase in revenue due to a change in estimate in gift card breakage. This change was supported by the historical redemption pattern of gift cards outstanding and contributed $0.22 of diluted EPS to the full year. See Note 1, Basis of Presentation and Summary of Critical and Significant Accounting Policies (Revenue Recognition) for additional information.

Due to the 53rd week in Fiscal 2024, each quarter in Fiscal 2025 starts one week later than the same quarter in Fiscal 2024. The charts below present comparable store sales and net sales for Fiscal 2024 as originally reported and as adjusted to represent the same 13-week period as the Fiscal 2025 quarters.

Fiscal 2024
First QuarterSecond QuarterThird QuarterFourth QuarterFiscal 2024
Comparable store sales increase (decrease) - originally reported4.1 %(7.3)%(2.7)%(6.4)%(3.1)%
Comparable store sales increase (decrease) - adjusted for week shift5.2 %(0.8)%(8.4)%(8.1)%(3.2)%
Impact of week shift1.1 %6.5 %(5.7)%(1.7)%(0.1)%

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Fiscal 2024
(Dollars in millions)First QuarterSecond QuarterThird QuarterFourth QuarterFiscal 2024
Net sales - originally reported$455.5 $374.9 $431.9 $466.6 $1,728.9 
Net sales - adjusted for week shift$460.7 $401.3 $406.7 $437.4 $1,706.1 
Impact of week shift$5.2 $26.4 $(25.2)$(29.2)$(22.8)
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Recent Accounting Pronouncements, of Item 8, Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, for information regarding recent accounting pronouncements.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth the percentage relationship to net sales of certain items included in our consolidated statements of operations for the periods indicated.
 Fiscal Year Ended
 February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Net sales100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %
Cost of goods sold66.2 64.8 61.8 
Gross margin33.8 35.2 38.2 
Store operating, selling and administrative ("SG&A") expenses23.0 22.8 22.6 
Depreciation and amortization2.8 2.6 2.1 
Operating income7.9 9.9 13.5 
Interest income (expense), net(0.3)(0.1)— 
Income before provision for income taxes7.6 9.8 13.5 
Provision for income taxes1.6 2.3 3.2 
Net income6.0 %7.5 %10.3 %
Note: Columns may not sum due to rounding.

A discussion regarding our financial condition and results of operations for the year ended February 3, 2024, or Fiscal 2024, compared to the year ended January 28, 2023, or Fiscal 2023, is presented below.

Fiscal 2024 Compared to Fiscal 2023

Net Sales

Net sales for Fiscal 2024 increased $20.6 million, or 1.2%, to $1.73 billion from $1.71 billion for Fiscal 2023. For Fiscal 2024, 1,082 stores were included in the comparable store sales comparison. Stores not in the comparable store net sales calculation plus all net sales in the 53rd week, accounted for $122.0 million of Fiscal 2024 net sales. Comparable store net sales declined 3.1% compared to Fiscal 2023. Brick and mortar comparable sales declined 4.4% and e-commerce sales increased 4.1% compared to Fiscal 2023, excluding the impact of the 53rd week. E-commerce represented 16.2% of total net sales in Fiscal 2024, compared to 15.6% in Fiscal 2023.

Footwear sales increased 7.0% to $1.21 billion as compared with $1.14 billion for the prior-year period. Apparel sales decreased 20.1% to $329.4 million as compared with $412.0 million for the prior-year period. Equipment sales increased 14.9% to $184.8 million as compared with $160.8 million for the prior-year period.


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Gross Margin

Cost of goods sold includes the cost of merchandise, the related inbound and outbound freight expense, occupancy costs for stores and occupancy and operating costs for our wholesale and logistics facility. 

Gross margin was $583.7 million, or 33.8% of net sales, in Fiscal 2024, compared with $601.9 million, or 35.2% of net sales, in Fiscal 2023. The approximate 140 basis point decline was primarily due to lower average product margin of approximately 210 basis points and an approximate 40 basis point increase in store occupancy costs. Freight, shipping, logistics costs and shrink have improved as a percentage of sales on a year-over-year basis, partially offsetting the unfavorable average product margin and store occupancy performance. Freight was favorable by approximately 70 basis points, logistics was favorable by approximately 30 basis points and shrink was favorable by approximately 10 basis points.

SG&A Expenses

SG&A expenses were $397.7 million, or 23.0% of net sales, for Fiscal 2024, compared with $389.6 million, or 22.8% of net sales, for Fiscal 2023. The approximate 20 basis point increase is primarily the result of increased store wages and data processing costs partially offset by lower professional fees and advertising.

Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation and amortization of $49.0 million increased approximately 25 basis points as a percentage of net sales for Fiscal 2024 compared to Fiscal 2023. The increase in dollars year-over-year was primarily due to increased capital investment, reflecting our ongoing commitment to invest in organic growth opportunities and infrastructure improvement projects.

Provision for income taxes

The combined federal, state and local effective income tax rate as a percentage of pre-tax income was 21.6% for Fiscal 2024 and 23.3% for Fiscal 2023. The effective income tax rate fluctuates year-over-year primarily from the impact of income tax credits or discrete items, including the amount of equity compensation deductions year-over-year which are affected by our stock price.
Fiscal 2023 Compared to Fiscal 2022
For a comparison of our results for Fiscal 2023 to Fiscal 2022, and other financial information related to Fiscal 2022, refer to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended January 28, 2023, filed with the SEC on March 24, 2023.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Macroeconomic Factors

We continue to monitor the impacts of inflation, higher interest rates, a more cautious consumer, the ongoing promotional environment, potential reduction or deferral of discretionary purchases, a tight labor market, excess inventory of apparel and select footwear styles in the marketplace and geopolitical conflicts on our business.

Analysis of Cash Flows

Our capital requirements relate primarily to funding capital expenditures, stock repurchases, dividends, the maintenance of facilities and systems to support company growth and working capital requirements. Our working capital requirements are somewhat seasonal in nature and typically increase as we approach our three main selling seasons. Tax refund timing and the spring sports season occurs primarily in February and March. The back-to-school season typically starts in late July and runs into August. The holiday season traditionally begins in November and continues through the month of December. Historically, we have funded our cash requirements primarily through our cash flow from operations and from borrowings under our credit facility.

We believe that our existing cash balances, expected cash flow from operations, funds available under the 2023 Credit Facility, operating and finance leases and normal trade credit will be sufficient to fund our operations and capital expenditures for the next 12 months and for the foreseeable future. We are not aware of any trends or events that would materially affect our capital requirements or liquidity.

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Our consolidated statements of cash flows are summarized as follows (in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Net cash provided by operating activities$118,699 $77,043 $159,488 
Net cash used in investing activities(55,370)(63,170)(70,161)
Net cash used in financing activities(58,114)(14,912)(281,563)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents$5,215 $(1,039)$(192,236)
Operating Activities.
Cash flow from operations is seasonal in our business. Typically, we use cash flow from operations to increase inventory in advance of peak selling events including the spring sales period, the late summer back-to-school shopping season and the traditional winter holidays. Inventory levels are reduced in connection with higher sales during the peak selling seasons and this inventory reduction, combined with proportionately higher net income, typically produces a positive cash flow.

Net cash provided by operating activities was $118.7 million for the 53-weeks ended February 3, 2024 compared with net cash provided by operating activities of $77.0 million and $159.5 million for the 52-weeks ended January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022, respectively. Operating activities consist primarily of net income adjusted for certain non-cash items and changes in operating assets and liabilities as noted in the bullets below.
Non-cash depreciation and amortization expense increased due to capital expenditure investments in new stores, existing store remodels and refreshes, technology enhancements and corporate infrastructure.
Non-cash stock-based compensation expense fluctuates with the number of equity eligible employees, achievement of performance-based equity awards at greater or lesser than their target level, fluctuations in the price of our common stock and levels of forfeitures in any given period.
Inventory balances in the current year have decreased. Strong footwear sales coupled with ongoing liquidation of apparel are the main drivers of this decrease.
Changes in accounts payable are primarily due to the timing of payments in relation to inventory receipts.
Changes in other assets and liabilities are primarily due to the timing of payments related to payroll and changes in incentive-based obligations.
Investing Activities.
Cash used in investing activities in Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022 totaled $55.4 million, $63.2 million and $70.2 million, respectively. Gross capital expenditures used $57.9 million, $62.8 million and $71.2 million during Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. Capital expenditures in all periods primarily consisted of store development (new stores, relocations, remodels and expansions), technology investments and infrastructure projects.
We opened 44 new stores and expanded and/or relocated seven additional existing stores during Fiscal 2024. We opened 43 new stores and expanded and/or relocated 16 additional existing stores during Fiscal 2023. We opened 36 new stores and expanded and/or relocated 16 additional existing stores during Fiscal 2022.

Our capital expenditures for the fiscal year ending February 1, 2025, are expected to be in the range of $65.0 million to $75.0 million, with the largest allocation focused on store development and core infrastructure.

Financing Activities.

Net cash used in financing activities was $58.1 million in Fiscal 2024. Net cash used in financing activities was $14.9 million in Fiscal 2023 and net cash used in financing activities was $281.6 million in Fiscal 2022. Historically, the fluctuation in net financing activities between years is primarily the result of borrowing activity and repurchases of our common stock.

In Fiscal 2024, net borrowings on our 2023 Credit Facility were $9.0 million. In Fiscal 2023, net borrowings were $36.3 million and in Fiscal 2022, net borrowings were zero. See Note 4, Debt, to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

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We expended $56.1 million, $40.9 million and $271.1 million on repurchases of our common stock during Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. This included cash used to settle net share equity awards of $2.8 million, $2.4 million and $3.3 million during Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. See Note 7, Stock Repurchase Program, to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Additionally, in the first quarter of Fiscal 2022, we paid $15.0 million to the former members and warrant holders of City Gear for achievement of financial goals post-acquisition. Of this amount, $1.2 million was reflected as financing activities in Fiscal 2022, and represented the fair value of the short-term portion of the contingent earnout booked through the purchase price allocation.

In June 2021, the Board instituted a quarterly cash dividend. Since this program's inception, our quarterly dividend has been $0.25 per share. During the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, we paid cash dividends of $12.4 million under four declarations of $0.25 per share of common stock outstanding as of the record date. During the fiscal year ended January 28, 2023, we paid cash dividends of $12.9 million under four declarations of $0.25 per share of common stock outstanding as of the record date. During the fiscal year ended January 29, 2022, we paid cash dividends of $10.9 million under three declarations of $0.25 per share of common stock outstanding as of the record date. See Note 8, Dividends, to the consolidated financial statements for additional information.

Financing activities also consisted of proceeds from stock option exercises and employee stock plan purchases. As stock options are exercised and shares are purchased through our employee stock purchase plan, we will continue to receive proceeds and expect a tax deduction; however, the amounts and timing cannot be predicted.

Purchase obligations, which include all legally binding contracts such as software license commitments and service contracts were approximately $73.2 million and $27.2 million at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively. The significant increase in Fiscal 2024 is primarily due to new multi-year contracts for cloud-based technology solutions and an extension of support services for our e-commerce platform. These purchase obligations are primarily due within five years and are recorded as liabilities when goods are received or services rendered. We issue inventory purchase orders in the ordinary course of business, which represent authorizations to purchase that are cancellable by their terms. We do not consider purchase orders to be firm inventory commitments.
Other Economic Factors

Our ability to provide quality imported merchandise on a profitable basis may be subject to political and economic factors and influences that we cannot control. National or international events, including changes in government trade, geopolitical conflicts or other policies, could increase our merchandise costs and other costs that are critical to our operations. Consumer spending could also decline because of economic pressures. See Item 1A., Risk Factors for more information.

Our Critical Accounting Policies

Our significant accounting policies are described in Item 8, Note 1–Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies. Critical accounting policies are those that we believe are both (i) most important to the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations and (ii) require our most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of such policies may result in materially different amounts being reported under different conditions or using different assumptions.

We consider the following policies to be the most critical in understanding the judgments that are involved in preparing our consolidated financial statements. Our critical accounting policies reflected in the consolidated financial statements are detailed below.

Revenue Recognition. We recognize revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, when control of the merchandise is transferred to our customer, which is at delivery. Sales are recorded net of expected returns at the time the customer takes possession of the merchandise. Net sales exclude sales taxes because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting these taxes.

The net deferred revenue liability for gift cards and customer orders at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023 was $7.1 million and $9.8 million, respectively, recognized in accounts payable on our consolidated balance sheets. We recognize revenue when a gift card is redeemed by the customer and recognize gift card breakage revenue in net sales in proportion to the redemption pattern of rights exercised by the customer. In Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, gift card breakage income was immaterial.
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As part of our general accounting practices, we have established procedures to evaluate our accruals. For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, we noted a change in our gift card redemption pattern and adjusted our accrual for breakage to be more in line with current breakage patterns. As a result of this change in estimate, we recognized $3.5 million of additional gift card breakage revenue in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2024. This change increased net income by $2.8 million or $0.22 per diluted share in Fiscal 2024.

During the fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023, and January 29, 2022, $1.7 million, $1.6 million and $1.4 million of gift card deferred revenue from prior periods was realized, respectively.

Loyalty Program: We offer the Hibbett Rewards program whereby upon registration and in accordance with the terms of the program, customers earn points on certain purchases. Points convert into rewards at defined thresholds. The short-term future performance obligation liability is estimated at each reporting period based on historical conversion and redemption patterns. The liability is included in other accrued expenses on our consolidated balance sheets and was $4.2 million and $4.1 million at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively.

Return Sales: The liability for return sales is estimated at each reporting period based on historical return patterns and is recognized at the transaction price. The liability is included in accounts payable on our consolidated balance sheets. The return asset and corresponding adjustment to cost of goods sold for our right to recover the merchandise returned by the customer is immaterial.

Inventories. Inventories are valued using the lower of weighted average cost or net realizable value method. Items are removed from inventory using the weighted average cost method.

Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value: We regularly review inventories to determine if the carrying value exceeds net realizable value, and we record an accrual to reduce the carrying value to net realizable value as necessary. We account for obsolescence as part of our lower of cost and net realizable value accrual based on historical trends and specific identification. As of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the accrual was $5.6 million and $5.6 million, respectively. A determination of net realizable value requires significant judgment.

Shrink Reserves: We accrue for inventory shrinkage based on the actual historical results of our physical inventory counts. These estimates are compared to actual results as physical inventory counts are performed and reconciled to the general ledger. Physical inventory counts are performed on a cyclical basis. As of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the accrual was $1.0 million and $0.7 million, respectively.

Inventory Purchase Concentration: Our business is dependent to a significant degree upon close relationships with our vendors. Our largest vendor, Nike, represented 73.7%, 69.9%, and 61.0% of our purchases for Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. 

Long-Lived AssetsLong-lived assets, including lease assets, are evaluated for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The evaluation for long-lived assets is performed at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows, which is generally the individual store level. When evaluating long-lived assets for impairment, we first compare the carrying value of the asset or asset group to its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. Our estimate of undiscounted future cash flows is based on historical operations and predictions of future profitability. Significant assumptions are required to estimate cash inflows and outflows directly resulting from the use of assets in operations, including margin on net sales, occupancy costs, payroll and related costs, and other costs to operate a store. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying value of the related asset, we calculate an impairment loss. The impairment loss calculation compares the carrying value of the related asset or asset group to its estimated fair value, which may be based on an estimated future cash flow model, quoted market value or other valuation technique, as appropriate. We recognize an impairment loss if the amount of the asset’s carrying value exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value. If we recognize an impairment loss, the adjusted carrying amount of the asset becomes its new cost basis. For depreciable long-lived assets, the new cost basis will be depreciated (amortized) over the remaining estimated useful life of that asset. Impairment loss calculations require significant judgment to estimate future cash flows and asset fair values.

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Item 7A.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Investment and Credit Availability Risk

We manage cash and cash equivalents in various institutions at levels beyond federally insured limits per institution, and we may purchase investments not guaranteed by the FDIC. Accordingly, there is a risk that we will not recover the full principal of our investments or that their liquidity may be diminished. In an attempt to mitigate this risk, our investment policy emphasizes preservation of principal and liquidity.

Additionally, Regions Bank is committed to provide loans under our 2023 Credit Facility. There is a risk that Regions Bank cannot deliver against these obligations. See “Risk Factors.”

Interest Rate Risk

Our net exposure to interest rate risk results primarily from interest rate fluctuations on existing credit facilities, which bear interest at a rate that varies with the Bloomberg Short-Term Bank Yield ("BSBY"), prime or federal funds rates. At the end of Fiscal 2024, we had $45.3 million outstanding under our 2023 Credit Facility. At the end of Fiscal 2023, we had $36.3 million outstanding under our 2021 Credit Facility. A 100 basis point increase or decrease in the interest rate on borrowings under existing credit facilities would not result in a material impact to our results of operations at our anticipated borrowing levels.

Activity against our credit facilities in effect during the periods indicated are as follows (dollars in millions):

53-Weeks Ended February 3, 202452-Weeks Ended January 28, 2023
Number of day borrowings incurred359307
Average borrowings$85.8$40.8
Maximum borrowings$134.1$110.5
Average interest rate6.35%3.21%

Quarterly and Seasonal Fluctuations

We experience seasonal fluctuations in our net sales and results of operations. We typically experience higher net sales in early spring due to spring sports and annual income tax refunds, late summer due to back-to-school shopping and winter due to holiday shopping. In addition, our quarterly results of operations may fluctuate significantly as a result of a variety of factors, including unseasonal weather patterns, the timing of high demand footwear launches, demand for merchandise driven by local interest in sporting events, back-to-school sales and the timing of sales tax holidays and annual income tax refunds.

Our operations are influenced by general economic conditions including periodic changes in the cost of products we sell. In Fiscal 2024 and Fiscal 2023, we experienced accelerated wage inflation and increases in the cost of goods and services necessary to support our business. We believe the current extended inflationary period is likely having a negative impact on our results of operations, although the direct impact is difficult to quantify. We believe inflation, in addition to other macroeconomic pressures such as higher interest rates, are adversely influencing our target consumer’s shopping behavior. As a result of these pressures, we and other retailers are experiencing a more promotional environment and we believe there is a potential for reduced discretionary spending on our product assortment. Historically, we have generally been able to pass along a significant portion of product cost increases to our customers and deploy a number of mitigation strategies to offset other cost increase elements. However, as noted above, the current environment may make those strategies less effective.
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Index
Item 8.    Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The following consolidated financial statements of our Company are included in response to this item:
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firms (PCAOB ID: 42)
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023
Consolidated Statements of Operations for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Investment for the fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023 and January 29, 2022
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.
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Index

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Hibbett, Inc.

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Hibbett, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ investment and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the "consolidated financial statements"). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework), and our report dated March 25, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such
procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Critical Audit Matters

The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved our especially challenging, subjective or complex judgments. The communication of the critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the consolidated financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the account or disclosure to which it relates.

Inventory Valuation
Description of
the Matter
At February 3, 2024, the Company’s inventories, net balance was $344.3 million. As discussed in Note 1 of the consolidated financial statements, the Company values inventories using the lower of weighted average cost or net realizable value method. Adjustments to reduce inventories to their net realizable value are determined by management based on historical trends and specific identification.

Auditing management’s assessment of net realizable value for inventories was challenging due to the estimation uncertainty in determining the forecasted sales of the Company’s inventory, which are impacted by a number of factors that are affected by market and economic conditions outside the Company’s control, such as customer forecasts and industry supply and demand.
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How We
Addressed the Matter in our
Audit
We obtained an understanding, evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls over the Company’s inventory valuation process, including controls related to the determination of the net realizable value of inventories.

To test the net realizable value of inventories, our audit procedures included, among others, evaluating the reasonableness of management’s key assumptions and judgments by testing the accuracy and completeness of the underlying data used to determine the amounts of inventory carrying value adjustments. We also assessed the historical accuracy of management's estimates and performed sensitivity analyses over the significant assumptions to evaluate the changes in the net realizable value inventory estimates that would result from changes in the underlying assumptions.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2020.
Birmingham, Alabama
March 25, 2024
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REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Stockholders and the Board of Directors of Hibbett, Inc.

Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
We have audited Hibbett, Inc. and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). In our opinion, Hibbett, Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of February 3, 2024, based on the COSO criteria.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ investment and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended February 3, 2024, and the related notes and our report dated March 25, 2024 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

Basis for Opinion

The Company's management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects.

Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

Birmingham, Alabama
March 25, 2024
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Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share and per share information)

ASSETS
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023
Current Assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$21,230 $16,015 
Receivables, net
16,743 12,850 
Inventories, net
344,294 420,839 
Prepaid expenses15,358 16,089 
Other current assets9,090 7,262 
Total current assets
406,715 473,055 
Property and equipment, net
183,949 169,476 
Operating right-of-use assets280,755 263,391 
Finance right-of-use assets, net1,837 2,279 
Tradename intangible asset23,500 23,500 
Deferred income taxes, net
3,024 3,025 
Other assets, net
9,442 4,434 
Total Assets
$909,222 $939,160 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
Current Liabilities:
Accounts payable
$96,431 $190,648 
Operating lease obligations71,448 72,544 
Credit facility45,296 36,264 
Finance lease obligations538 1,132 
Accrued payroll expenses
8,488 11,361 
Other accrued expenses
14,013 15,803 
Total current liabilities
236,214 327,752 
Operating lease obligations245,649 229,388 
Finance lease obligations1,423 1,305 
Unrecognized tax benefits
213 368 
Other liabilities
6,698 4,116 
Total liabilities
490,197 562,929 
Stockholders’ Investment:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued
— — 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 160,000,000 shares authorized at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023; 40,170,315 and 39,916,593 shares issued at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively
402 399 
Paid-in capital
221,668 213,182 
Retained earnings
1,228,257 1,137,481 
Treasury stock, at cost, 28,376,218 and 27,166,538 shares repurchased at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively
(1,031,302)(974,831)
Total stockholders’ investment
419,025 376,231 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Investment
$909,222 $939,160 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Index
Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share information)

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Net sales$1,728,887 $1,708,316 $1,691,184 
Cost of goods sold1,145,184 1,106,415 1,044,777 
Gross margin583,703 601,901 646,407 
Store operating, selling and administrative expenses397,674 389,563 382,414 
Depreciation and amortization49,008 43,919 35,827 
Operating income137,021 168,419 228,166 
Interest income364 124 43 
Interest expense(5,736)(1,579)(317)
Interest income (expense), net(5,372)(1,455)(274)
Income before provision for income taxes131,649 166,964 227,892 
Provision for income taxes28,491 38,907 53,579 
Net income$103,158 $128,057 $174,313 
Basic earnings per share$8.34 $9.89 $11.63 
Diluted earnings per share$8.17 $9.62 $11.19 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic12,364 12,951 14,993 
Diluted12,633 13,315 15,582 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Index
Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
Net income$103,158 $128,057 $174,313 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization49,008 43,919 35,827 
Contingent earnout, net— — (13,761)
Impairment charges1,521 617 2,915 
Deferred income taxes and unrecognized income tax benefit, net2,490 6,146 7,259 
Gain on disposal of assets, net(1,441)(505)(1,501)
Stock-based compensation5,709 6,811 5,540 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Receivables, net(5,722)7,103 (1,694)
Inventories, net76,545 (199,619)(19,181)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(6,729)(3,279)(986)
Accounts payable(101,017)100,925 (25,580)
Accrued expenses and other(4,823)(13,132)(3,663)
Net cash provided by operating activities118,699 77,043 159,488 
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
Capital expenditures(57,886)(62,828)(71,153)
Proceeds from sale of property and equipment2,363 337 1,147 
Other153 (679)(155)
Net cash used in investing activities(55,370)(63,170)(70,161)
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
Proceeds under credit facilities913,965 982,968 38,259 
Repayments under credit facilities(904,933)(946,704)(38,259)
Stock repurchases(53,211)(38,458)(267,826)
Payment of cash dividends(12,370)(12,881)(10,939)
Payment of contingent earnout— — (1,239)
Payments of finance lease obligations(1,084)(1,036)(960)
Settlement of net share equity awards(2,849)(2,446)(3,257)
Proceeds from options exercised and purchase of shares under the employee stock purchase plan2,779 3,645 2,658 
Excise tax on stock repurchases(411)— — 
Net cash used in financing activities(58,114)(14,912)(281,563)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents5,215 (1,039)(192,236)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of year16,015 17,054 209,290 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of year$21,230 $16,015 $17,054 


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Index
Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(In thousands)
Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
Cash paid during the year for:
Interest$5,319 $1,532 $243 
Income taxes, net of refunds$28,207 $26,414 $52,899 
Operating cash flows from operating leases$88,762 $83,073 $76,400 
Operating cash flows from finance leases$102 $116 $136 
Financing cash flows from finance leases$1,084 $1,036 $960 
Supplemental Schedule of Non-Cash Activities:
Non-cash accruals for capital expenditures$6,799 $4,075 $4,012 
Operating leases obtained in exchange for lease liabilities, net$96,674 $87,717 $91,325 
Finance leases obtained in exchange for lease liabilities, net$718 $1,086 $(407)


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Index
Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Investment
(in thousands)
Common StockTreasury Stock
Number of
Shares
AmountPaid-In
Capital
Retained
Earnings
Number of
Shares
AmountTotal
Stockholders’
Investment
Balance-January 30, 202139,380 $394 $194,534 $858,951 22,901 $(662,843)$391,036 
Net income— — — 174,313 — — 174,313 
Issuance of shares through the Company’s equity plans
231 2,656 — — — 2,658 
Declaration of dividends (four quarterly $0.25 per common share)
— — — (10,949)— — (10,949)
Purchase of shares under the stock repurchase program
— — — — 3,371 (267,826)(267,826)
Settlement of net share equity awards
— — — — 46 (3,257)(3,257)
Stock-based compensation— — 5,540 — — — 5,540 
Balance-January 29, 202239,611 396 202,729 1,022,317 26,318 (933,927)291,515 
Net income— — — 128,057 — — 128,057 
Issuance of shares through the Company’s equity plans
306 3,642 — — — 3,645 
Declaration of dividends (four quarterly $0.25 per common share)
— — — (12,893)— — (12,893)
Purchase of shares under the stock repurchase program
— — — — 797 (38,458)(38,458)
Settlement of net share equity awards
— — — — 52 (2,446)(2,446)
Stock-based compensation— — 6,811 — — — 6,811 
Balance-January 28, 202339,917 399 213,182 1,137,481 27,167 (974,831)376,231 
Net income— — — 103,158 — — 103,158 
Issuance of shares through the Company’s equity plans
254 2,776 — — — 2,779 
Declaration of dividends (four quarterly $0.25 per common share)
— — — (12,382)— — (12,382)
Purchase of shares under the stock repurchase program
— — — — 1,162 (53,211)(53,211)
Settlement of net share equity awards
— — — — 48 (2,849)(2,849)
Excise tax on stock repurchases— — — — — (411)(411)
Stock-based compensation— — 5,709 — — — 5,709 
Balance-February 3, 202440,170 $402 $221,668 $1,228,257 28,376 $(1,031,302)$419,025 

Columns may not foot due to rounding.



See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Index
Hibbett, Inc. and Subsidiaries
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF CRITICAL AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Business

Hibbett, Inc. is a leading athletic-inspired fashion retailer with an omni-channel platform and over 1,150 stores under the Hibbett, City Gear and Sports Additions banners, primarily located in underserved communities. References to “we,” “our,” “us,” “Hibbett” and the “Company” refer to Hibbett, Inc. and its subsidiaries as well as its predecessors. Our fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31 of each year. The consolidated statements of operations for Fiscal 2024 includes 53-weeks of operations, while Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022 both include 52-weeks of operations. Our merchandise assortment features a core selection of brand name merchandise emphasizing athletic footwear, athletic and fashion apparel, related accessories and team sports equipment. We complement this core assortment with a selection of localized footwear, apparel and accessories designed to appeal to customers within each community we serve.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements of our Company include its accounts and the accounts of all wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Occasionally, certain reclassifications are made to conform previously reported data to the current presentation. Such reclassifications have no impact on total assets, total liabilities, net income or stockholders’ investment in any of the years presented.

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (U.S. GAAP) requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of intangible assets and contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. We believe our estimates are reasonable; however, the assumptions used by management could change significantly in future estimates due to changes in circumstances and actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Reportable Segments

We identify our operating segments according to how our business activities are managed and evaluated by our chief executive officer, who is our chief operating decision maker. Our shopping channels primarily include store locations, website and mobile apps. Store sales are primarily filled from the store’s inventory but may also be shipped from a different store location or our logistics network if an item is not available at the original store. Direct-to-consumer orders are generally shipped to our customers from a store, our logistics network or some combination thereof, depending on the availability of the desired item.

Given the economic similarity of the store formats, the products offered for sale, the type of customers, the methods of distribution and how our Company is managed, our operations constitute only one reportable segment.

Vendor Arrangements

We enter into arrangements with some of our vendors that entitle us to a partial refund of the cost of merchandise purchased during the year or reimbursement of certain costs we incur to advertise or otherwise promote their product. Volume-based rebates, supported by vendor agreements, are estimated throughout the year and reduce the cost of inventories and cost of goods sold during the year. This estimate is regularly monitored and adjusted for sales activity and current or anticipated changes in purchase levels.

We also receive consideration from vendors through a variety of other programs, including markdown reimbursements, vendor compliance charges and defective merchandise credits. If the payment is a reimbursement for costs incurred, it is recognized as an offset against those related costs; otherwise, it is treated as a reduction to the cost of merchandise. Markdown reimbursements related to sold merchandise are negotiated by our merchandising teams and are credited directly to cost of goods sold in the period received. If vendor funds are received prior to merchandise being sold, they are recorded as a reduction of merchandise cost. Vendor compliance charges and defective merchandise credits reduce the cost of inventories.
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Marketing
We expense marketing costs when incurred. We participate in various marketing cooperative programs with our vendors, who, under these programs, reimburse us for certain costs incurred.
The following table presents the components of our marketing expense (in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Gross marketing costs
$32,424 $36,525 $32,964 
Marketing reimbursements
(6,985)(6,892)(4,525)
Net marketing costs
$25,439 $29,633 $28,439 

Cost of Goods Sold
We include merchandise costs, store occupancy costs, logistics-related occupancy and operating costs, and ship-to-home freight in cost of goods sold.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We consider all short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of 90 days or less, including commercial paper and money market funds, to be cash equivalents. Amounts due from third-party credit card processors for the settlement of debit and credit card transactions are included as cash equivalents as they are generally collected within three business days. Cash equivalents related to credit and debit card transactions at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023 were $8.4 million and $7.4 million, respectively.
Inventories
Inventories are valued using the lower of weighted average cost or net realizable value method. Items are removed from inventory using the weighted average cost method.
Lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value: We regularly review inventories to determine if the carrying value exceeds net realizable value, and we record an accrual to reduce the carrying value to net realizable value as necessary. We account for obsolescence as part of our lower of cost and net realizable value accrual based on historical trends and specific identification. As of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the accrual was $5.6 million and $5.6 million, respectively. A determination of net realizable value requires significant judgment.
Shrink Reserves: We accrue for inventory shrinkage based on the actual historical results of our physical inventory counts. These estimates are compared to actual results as physical inventory counts are performed and reconciled to the general ledger. Physical inventory counts are performed on a cyclical basis. As of February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, the accrual was $1.0 million and $0.7 million, respectively.
Inventory Purchase Concentration: Our business is dependent to a significant degree upon close relationships with our vendors. Our largest vendor, Nike, represented 73.7%, 69.9%, and 61.0% of our purchases for Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively. 
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Finance lease assets are shown as right-of-use (ROU) assets and are excluded from property and equipment. (See Note 3, Leases).

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Property and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):

Estimated Service LivesFebruary 3,
2024
January 28,
2023
Land$7,289 $7,277 
Buildings39 years22,760 22,529 
Equipment
3 – 7 years
141,989 134,304 
Furniture and fixtures7 years72,460 67,522 
Leasehold improvements
3 – 10 years
205,568 170,773 
Construction in progress6,089 5,501 
Total property and equipment456,155 407,906 
Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization272,206 238,430 
Total property and equipment, net$183,949 $169,476 

Depreciation on property and equipment utilizes the straight-line method generally over the above estimated service lives.

For leasehold improvements, we calculate depreciation using the shorter of the term of the underlying leases or the estimated economic lives of the improvements. The term of the lease includes option periods when exercise of the option is reasonably certain. We continually reassess the remaining useful life of leasehold improvements in light of store closing plans.

Construction in progress has historically been comprised primarily of property and equipment related to unopened stores and amounts associated with technology upgrades.

Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred. The cost and accumulated depreciation of assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed of are removed from property and equipment and the related gain or loss is credited or charged to net income, net of proceeds received.

Capitalized Cloud-Based Software Costs

In accordance with ASC 350-40, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software, we capitalize eligible costs related to the implementation of cloud-based software as a prepaid asset and amortize the balance beginning at the implementation date using the straight-line method over the remaining contractual term of the software-hosting arrangement. Implementation costs not meeting the criteria for capitalization are expensed as incurred. These costs were not material in Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 or Fiscal 2022.

Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets

The City Gear tradename is an indefinite-lived intangible asset which is not amortized, but rather tested for impairment at least annually, or on an interim basis if events and circumstances have occurred that indicate that it is more likely than not that an asset is impaired. Such events or circumstances could include, but are not limited to, significant negative industry or economic trends, unanticipated changes in the competitive environment and a significant sustained decline in the market price of our stock. If an asset is impaired, the amount that the carrying value exceeds the fair value is recorded as an impairment charge to current income.

Historically, we have performed a quantitative assessment utilizing the Relief from Royalty method which required assumptions related to future revenues, royalty rate, and discount rate in valuing the tradename intangible. No impairment related to the tradename was recognized during Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 or Fiscal 2022.

Long-Lived Assets

Long-lived assets, including lease assets, are evaluated for impairment whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The evaluation for long-lived assets is performed at the lowest level of identifiable cash flows, which is generally the individual store level. When evaluating long-lived assets for impairment, we first compare the carrying value of the asset or asset group to its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. Our estimate of undiscounted future cash flows is based on historical operations and predictions of future profitability. Significant assumptions are required to estimate cash inflows and outflows directly resulting from the use of assets in operations, including margin on net sales, occupancy costs,
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payroll and related costs, and other costs to operate a store. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying value of the related asset, we calculate an impairment loss. The impairment loss calculation compares the carrying value of the related asset or asset group to its estimated fair value, which may be based on an estimated future cash flow model, quoted market value or other valuation technique, as appropriate. We recognize an impairment loss if the amount of the asset’s carrying value exceeds the asset’s estimated fair value. If we recognize an impairment loss, the adjusted carrying amount of the asset becomes its new cost basis. For depreciable long-lived assets, the new cost basis will be depreciated (amortized) over the remaining estimated useful life of that asset. Impairment loss calculations require significant judgment to estimate future cash flows and asset fair values.

Revenue Recognition

We recognize revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, when control of the merchandise is transferred to our customer which is at delivery. Sales are recorded net of expected returns at the time the customer takes possession of the merchandise. Net sales exclude sales taxes because we are a pass-through conduit for collecting and remitting these taxes.

The net deferred revenue liability for gift cards and customer orders at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023 was $7.1 million and $9.8 million, respectively, recognized in accounts payable on our consolidated balance sheets. We recognize revenue when a gift card is redeemed by the customer and recognize gift card breakage revenue in net sales in proportion to the redemption pattern of rights exercised by the customer. In Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, gift card breakage income was immaterial.

As part of our general accounting practices, we have established procedures to evaluate our accruals. For the fiscal year ended February 3, 2024, we noted a change in our gift card redemption pattern and adjusted our accrual for breakage to be more in line with current breakage patterns. As a result of this change in estimate, we recognized $3.5 million of additional gift card breakage revenue in the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2024. This change increased net income by $2.8 million or $0.22 per diluted share in Fiscal 2024.

During the fiscal years ended February 3, 2024, January 28, 2023, and January 29, 2022, $1.7 million, $1.6 million and $1.4 million of gift card deferred revenue from prior periods was realized, respectively.

Loyalty Program: We offer the Hibbett Rewards program whereby upon registration and in accordance with the terms of the program, customers earn points on certain purchases. Points convert into rewards at defined thresholds. The short-term future performance obligation liability is estimated at each reporting period based on historical conversion and redemption patterns. The liability is included in other accrued expenses on our consolidated balance sheets and was $4.2 million and $4.1 million at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023, respectively.

Return Sales: The liability for return sales is estimated at each reporting period based on historical return patterns and is recognized at the transaction price. The liability is included in accounts payable on our consolidated balance sheets. The return asset and corresponding adjustment to cost of goods sold for our right to recover the merchandise returned by the customer is immaterial.
Revenues disaggregated by major product categories are as follows (in thousands):
Fiscal 2024
(53-weeks)
Fiscal 2023
(52-weeks)
Fiscal 2022
(52-weeks)
Footwear$1,214,717 $1,135,475 $1,044,191 
Apparel329,405 412,021 483,236 
Equipment184,765 160,820 163,757 
$1,728,887 $1,708,316 $1,691,184 

Store Opening and Closing Costs
New store opening costs, including pre-opening costs, are charged to expense as incurred. Store opening costs primarily include payroll expenses, training costs and straight-line rent expenses. All pre-opening costs are included in store operating, selling and administrative expenses as a part of operating expenses.
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We generally consider individual store closings to be a normal part of operations and regularly review store performance against expectations. Costs associated with store closings are recognized at the time of closing or when a liability has been incurred. These costs were not material in Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 or Fiscal 2022.

NOTE 2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Standards that were adopted

We adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” on January 31, 2021. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general provisions of Topic 740 and provides simplification in other areas of Topic 740. The adoption of ASU 2019-12 had no material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Standards that are not yet adopted

ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, requires disclosures about significant segment expenses and additional interim disclosure requirements. This standard also requires a single reportable segment to provide all disclosures required by ASC 280. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. Amendments should be applied retrospectively for all prior periods presented in the consolidated financial statements. We intend to adopt this standard in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ending February 1, 2025. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this standard on our disclosures.

In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures. The ASU requires that an entity disclose specific categories in the effective tax rate reconciliation as well as provide additional information for reconciling items that meet a quantitative threshold. Further, the ASU requires certain disclosures of state versus federal income tax expense and taxes paid. The amendments in this ASU are required to be adopted for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. Early adoption is permitted for annual financial statements that have not yet been issued. The amendments should be applied on a prospective basis although retrospective application is permitted. We are currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this standard on our disclosures.

We continuously monitor and review all current accounting pronouncements and standards from the FASB for applicability to our operations. As of February 3, 2024, there were no other new pronouncements or interpretations that had or were expected to have a significant impact on our operations.
NOTE 3. LEASES
We lease our retail store locations, nearly all of which are operating leases. Store leases typically provide for initial terms of five to ten years. Many of our leases contain the following provisions:
scheduled increases in rent payments over the lease term;
tenant inducements;
free rent periods;
contingent rent based on net sales in excess of stipulated amounts;
one or more renewal options at our discretion; and
payments for common area maintenance, insurance and real estate taxes, most of which are variable in nature.

Most of our store leases contain provisions that allow for early termination between the third and fifth year of the term if predetermined sales levels are not met, or upon the occurrence of other specified contingent events. When we have the option to extend the lease term (including by not exercising an available termination option) or purchase the leased asset, and it is reasonably certain that we will do so, we consider these options in determining the classification and measurement of the lease. However, generally at lease commencement, it is not reasonably certain that we will exercise an extension or purchase option. For contingent termination provisions, we consider both the likelihood of the contingency occurring in addition to the economic factors we consider when assessing any other termination or renewal option.

We also lease certain office, transportation and technology equipment under operating and finance leases. Generally, these leases have initial terms of two to six years.

We determine whether an arrangement is a lease at inception. We have lease agreements that contain both lease and non-lease components. For store leases, we account for the lease components together with the non-lease components, such as common area maintenance. For office and transportation equipment leases, we separate the non-lease components from the lease components.
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Operating lease liabilities are recognized based on the present value of remaining fixed lease payments over the lease term. Operating lease ROU assets are recognized based on the calculated lease liability, adjusted for lease prepayments, initial direct costs and tenant inducements. Because the implicit rate is generally not readily determinable for our leases, we use our estimated incremental borrowing rate, on a collateralized basis over a similar term, as the discount rate to measure operating lease liabilities. Due to the absence of an independently published credit rating, our estimated incremental borrowing rate is determined based on a synthetic credit rating. We use a blend of a financial ratio analysis and a Z-spread analysis to calculate our synthetic credit rating. Our most recent debt instrument terms and interest rates are also considered. The collateralized synthetic credit rating is then used to determine the yield most consistent with the tenor of our portfolio lease term and is adjusted on an ongoing basis by the movement in the market rates. The collateralized synthetic credit rating is reevaluated periodically as needed based on company-specific and market conditions. Operating lease cost for fixed lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments are generally expensed as incurred.

ROU lease assets are periodically reviewed for impairment losses. We use the long-lived assets impairment guidance in ASC Subtopic 360-10, Property, Plant, and Equipment - Overall, to determine when to evaluate assets and asset groups, including ROU assets, for impairment and to calculate any impairment loss to be recognized. Asset group impairment charges of approximately $1.5 million, $0.6 million and $2.9 million were recognized during Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022, respectively.

Store operating lease cost and logistics-related transportation equipment operating lease cost are included in cost of goods sold in the consolidated statements of operations. Office equipment and other equipment operating lease cost is included in store operating, selling and administrative expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.

February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Operating lease cost$81,957 $76,051 $68,359 
Finance lease cost:
Amortization of assets1,049 977 849 
Interest on lease liabilities102 116 136 
Variable lease cost (1)
19,926 18,188 18,379 
$103,034 $95,332 $87,723 
(1) Includes rent based on a percent of sales, common area maintenance, insurance and property tax.

Short-term leases are not recorded on our consolidated balance sheet and short-term lease cost is immaterial.

Finance right-of-use assets on the consolidated balance sheet at February 3, 2024 and January 28, 2023 are shown net of accumulated amortization of $4.4 million and $3.3 million, respectively.

The following table provides supplemental balance sheet information related to leases:

February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
Weighted average remaining lease term (in years):
Operating leases55
Finance leases43
Weighted average discount rate:
Operating leases4.2 %3.5 %
Finance leases4.6 %5.2 %
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Maturities of lease liabilities (in thousands):

February 3, 2024
(53-Weeks)
OperatingFinanceTotal
Fiscal 2025$83,183 $615 $83,798 
Fiscal 202679,916 535 80,451 
Fiscal 202765,973 381 66,354 
Fiscal 202849,688 362 50,050 
Fiscal 202932,157 268 32,425 
Thereafter42,734 — 42,734 
Total minimum lease payments353,651 2,161 355,812 
Less amount representing interest36,554 200 36,754 
$317,097 $1,961 $319,058 

As of February 3, 2024, we have entered into operating leases of approximately $8.4 million related to future store locations that have not yet commenced.

NOTE 4. DEBT

On July 9, 2021, we executed an unsecured Credit Agreement (the "2021 Credit Facility") between the Company and its
subsidiaries and Regions Bank, which provided for an unsecured line of credit up to $100 million. The 2021 Credit Facility was amended on April 7, 2022, to increase the unsecured line of credit to $125 million and replace the original benchmark interest rate of one-month LIBOR plus 1.0% to 1.8% with the Bloomberg Short-Term Bank Yield Index Rate (the "BSBY Rate") plus 1.0% to 1.8% (depending on specified leverage levels).

On February 28, 2023, we entered into a new unsecured Credit Agreement (the "2023 Credit Facility") with Regions Bank, as administrative agent for the lenders, swingline leader and issuing bank. The 2023 Credit Facility matures on February 28, 2028, and replaced the 2021 Credit Facility and amended certain of its terms and conditions, including the following:
increases the aggregate principal amount of commitments by $35 million, from $125 million to $160 million, which includes a $25 million sublimit for the issuance of standby letters of credit and $25 million sublimit for swingline loans;
permits us to increase the aggregate principal amount of commitments by up to an additional $50 million, subject to certain terms and conditions;
provides that borrowings bear interest at either (i) an annual rate equal to the BSBY Rate, plus an applicable margin ranging from 1.0% to 2.0% depending on specified leverage levels (the "Applicable Margin"), or (ii) at the Company's option, (x) a base rate as set forth in the 2023 Credit Facility plus the Applicable Margin or (y) the BSBY Rate plus the Applicable Margin; and
adjusts the annual commitment fee to an amount, dependent on the amount of debt outstanding, between 12.5 and 25 basis points of the unused portion of the 2023 Credit Facility, from an amount between 15 and 20 basis points of such amount under the 2021 Credit Facility.

Except as described above, the 2023 Credit Facility did not make any material changes to the principal terms of the 2021 Credit Facility, including with respect to financial covenants. As a result, we are subject to certain financial covenants, which include:
advance limitation of 55% of the net book value of the Company's inventory;
a Consolidated Lease-Adjusted Leverage Ratio comparing lease-adjusted funded debt (funded debt plus all lease liabilities) to EBITDAR (as defined in the 2021 Credit Facility) with a maximum of 3.5x; and
a Consolidated Fixed Coverage Charge Ratio comparing EBITDAR to fixed charges and certain current liabilities (as defined in the 2021 Credit Facility) with a minimum of 1.2x.

As of February 3, 2024, we were in compliance with these covenants.


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Activity against our credit facilities during the periods indicated are as follows (dollars in millions):

53-Weeks Ended February 3, 202452-Weeks Ended January 28, 2023
Number of day borrowings incurred359307
Average borrowings$85.8$40.8
Maximum borrowings$134.1$110.5
Average interest rate6.35%3.21%

At February 3, 2024, we had a balance of $45.3 million and a total of $114.7 million available to us under the 2023 Credit Facility.
NOTE 5. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
At February 3, 2024, we had four stock-based compensation plans:
(a)The Amended and Restated 2015 Equity Incentive Plan (EIP) provides that the Board may grant equity awards to certain employees of the Company at its discretion. The EIP was adopted effective July 1, 2015 and subsequently amended and restated effective May 28, 2020. Including shares added in the amendment and restatement, the EIP authorizes grants of equity awards of up to 2,500,000 authorized but unissued shares of common stock. At February 3, 2024, there were 1,243,179 shares available for grant under the EIP.
(b)The 2015 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP) allows for qualified employees to participate in the purchase of up to 300,000 authorized but unissued shares of our common stock at a price equal to 85% of the lower of the closing price at the beginning or end of each quarterly stock purchase period. The ESPP was adopted effective July 1, 2015. At February 3, 2024, there were 85,136 shares available for purchase under the ESPP.
(c)The 2015 Director Deferred Compensation Plan (Deferred Plan) allows non-employee directors an election to defer all or a portion of their fees into stock units or stock options. The Deferred Plan was adopted effective July 1, 2015 and authorizes grants up to 150,000 authorized but unissued shares of common stock. At February 3, 2024, there were 117,324 shares available for grant under the Deferred Plan.
(d)The Amended and Restated 2012 Non-Employee Director Equity Plan (DEP) provides for grants of equity awards to non-employee directors. The DEP was adopted effective May 24, 2012 and subsequently amended and restated effective May 25, 2022. The amendment and restatement reset the authorization of grants of equity awards of up to 500,000 authorized but unissued shares of common stock. At February 3, 2024, there were 476,316 shares available for grant under the DEP.
Our plans allow for a variety of equity awards including stock options, restricted stock awards, stock appreciation rights and performance awards. As of February 3, 2024, we had granted awards in the form of stock options, restricted stock units (RSUs) and performance-based units (PSUs) to our employees. The annual grants made for Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022 to employees consisted solely of RSUs. We have also awarded PSUs to our Named Executive Officers (NEOs).
As of February 3, 2024, we had granted awards in the form of stock, stock options and deferred stock units (DSUs) to our Board members. Under the DEP, Board members currently receive an annual value of $75,000 worth of equity in the form of stock options or RSUs upon election to the Board and a value of $110,000 worth of equity in any form allowed within the DEP, for each full year of service, pro-rated for Directors who have served less than one full year. The Chair of the Board receives an annual value of $135,000 of equity in any form allowed within the DEP.
The terms and vesting schedules for stock-based awards vary by type of grant and generally vest upon time-based conditions. Under the DEP, Directors have the option with stock awards to set release dates. Upon exercise, stock-based compensation awards are settled with authorized but unissued Company stock. All of our awards are classified as equity awards.

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The compensation expense for these plans was as follows (in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Stock-based compensation expense by type:
Stock options
$220 $155 $174 
Restricted stock units
5,026 6,204 5,111 
Employee stock purchases
358 358 199 
Director deferred compensation
105 94 56 
Total stock-based compensation expense
5,709 6,811 5,540 
Income tax benefit recognized
1,183 1,562 1,316 
Stock-based compensation expense, net of income tax
$4,526 $5,249 $4,224 

Stock-based and deferred stock compensation expenses are included in store operating, selling and administrative expenses. There is no capitalized stock-based compensation expense.

The income tax benefit recognized in our consolidated financial statements, as disclosed above, is based on the amount of compensation expense recorded for book purposes. The actual income tax benefit realized in our income tax return is based on the intrinsic value, or the excess of the market value over the exercise or purchase price, of stock options exercised and restricted stock unit awards vested during the period. The actual income tax benefit realized for the deductions considered on our income tax returns for Fiscal 2024, Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022 was from option exercises and restricted stock unit releases and totaled $3.0 million, $2.8 million and $3.2 million, respectively.

Stock Options

Stock options are granted with an exercise price equal to the closing market price of our common stock on the business day immediately preceding the date of grant. Vesting and expiration provisions vary between equity plans, but options granted to employees under the EIP have historically vested over a four or five-year period in equal installments beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date and expiring on the eighth or tenth anniversary of the date of grant. Grants awarded to tenured outside directors under the DEP and Deferred Plan vest immediately upon grant. Grants awarded to outside directors upon appointment to our Board under the DEP vest in full on the first anniversary of the date of grant. Grants awarded to outside directors upon appointment to our Board under the Deferred Plan vest immediately upon grant. All grants awarded to outside directors expire on the tenth anniversary of the date of grant.

Activity for our option plans during Fiscal 2024 was as follows:
Number of
Shares
Weighted
Average
Exercise
Price
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
(Years)
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
($000’s)
Options outstanding at January 28, 2023100,951 $38.24 4.03$2,859 
Granted8,188 58.38 
Exercised(40,044)37.87 
Forfeited, cancelled or expired— — 
Options outstanding at February 3, 202469,095 $40.83 4.20$2,003 
Exercisable at February 3, 202469,095 $40.83 4.20$2,003 

We use the Black-Scholes pricing model to estimate the fair value of stock option on the date of grant. The Black-Scholes pricing model utilizes expected term, expected volatility, a risk-free interest rate and a dividend yield to estimate fair value. We calculate the expected term for our stock options based on the historical exercise behavior of our participants. The volatility used to value
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stock options is based on historical volatility. We calculate historical volatility using an average calculation methodology based on daily price intervals as measured over the expected term of the option. We have consistently applied this methodology since our adoption of the provisions of ASC Topic 718, Stock Compensation. In accordance with ASC Topic 718, we base the risk-free interest rate on the annual continuously compounded risk-free rate with a term equal to the option’s expected term. The dividend yield is based on dividend amounts over past time periods equal in length to the expected life of the options.

Details of stock options granted and the assumptions used in the option pricing model were as follows:

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Stock option grants211
Stock option grant dateMarch 31, 2023March 30, 2022March 22, 2021
Total stock options granted8,1887,2124,384
Exercise price$58.38$46.22$76.04
Fair value of stock options$26.87$21.46$39.73
Expected term5.73 years4.59 years4.63 years
Expected volatility53.76%65.05%64.75%
Risk-free interest rate3.57%2.44%0.77%
Dividend yield1.71%2.28%0.00%
Intrinsic value of stock options exercised (in millions)$1.1$1.1$2.7
Total cash received by participants from stock options exercised (in millions)$2.6$3.5$4.7
Unamortized compensation expense at fiscal period end$—$—$—

Restricted Stock and Performance-Based Units

RSUs and PSUs are granted with a fair value equal to the closing market price of our common stock on the business day immediately preceding the grant date. All PSUs have been awarded in the form of restricted stock units. An award may vest completely at a point in time (cliff-vest) or in increments over time (graded-vest). The majority of awards, including PSUs, are subject to cliff-vest provisions. Generally, RSUs vest over two to four years with the exception of awards to our Board of Directors who can choose the vest date for their annual award. PSUs provide for awards based on achievement of certain predetermined corporate performance goals and typically cliff-vest in three years from the date of grant after achievement of stated performance criterion and upon meeting stated service conditions.

The following table summarizes the restricted stock unit awards activity under all our plans during Fiscal 2024:

RSUsPSUsTotals
Number of
Awards
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Number of
Awards
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Number of
Awards
Weighted
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Nonvested at January 28, 2023464,833 $28.62 72,470 $55.48 537,303 $32.24 
Granted92,374 57.86 39,567 58.38 131,941 58.02 
Vested(178,193)21.00 — — (178,193)21.00 
Forfeited, cancelled or expired(37,788)33.69 — — (37,788)33.69 
Nonvested at February 3, 2024341,226 $39.95 112,037 $56.50 453,263 $44.04 

Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period for cliff-vest awards and, in the case of PSUs, at the estimated percentage of achievement. For graded-vest awards, the award is divided into vesting tranches and the compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis for each tranche separately.

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Details of RSUs granted and vested were as follows:

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Intrinsic value of vested awards (in millions)$10.5$7.3$10.5
Intrinsic value of outstanding and unvested awards (in millions)$31.5$35.5$35.2
Unrecognized compensation expense at fiscal period end (in millions)$4.9$7.5$7.0
Estimated weighted average period unrecognized compensation expense expected to be recognized1.7 years1.7 years2.0 years

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

The Company’s ESPP allows eligible employees the right to purchase shares of our common stock, subject to certain limitations, at 85% of the lesser of the market value at the end of each calendar quarter (purchase date) or the beginning of each calendar quarter. Our employee purchases of common stock and the average price per share through the ESPP, as well as the assumptions used in the option pricing model were as follows:

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Shares purchased34,40532,58614,447
Average price per share$36.70$48.33$50.01
Weighted average fair value at date of grant$13.32$14.33$14.33
Expected life (years)0.250.250.25
Average expected volatility54.5%52.1%52.1%
Average risk-free interest rate9.16%3.55%0.28%
Average dividend yield2.06%1.86%1.26%

The expense related to the ESPP was determined using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the provisions of ASC Topic 718 as it relates to accounting for certain employee stock purchase plans with a look-back option.

Director Deferred Compensation

Under the Deferred Plan, non-employee directors can elect to defer all or a portion of their Board and Board Committee fees into cash, stock options or deferred stock units. Those fees deferred into stock options are subject to the same provisions as provided for in the DEP and are expensed and accounted for accordingly. Director fees deferred into stock units are calculated and expensed each calendar quarter by taking deferred fees earned during the calendar quarter and dividing by the closing price of our common stock on the last day of the calendar quarter, rounded to the nearest whole share. Director fees deferred into stock units are calculated and expensed each calendar quarter by taking deferred fees earned during the calendar quarter and dividing by the closing price of our common stock on the business day immediately preceding the last day of the calendar quarter, rounded to the nearest whole share. The total annual retainer, Board and Board Committee fees for non-employee directors that are not deferred into stock options, but which includes amounts deferred into stock units under the Deferred Plan, are expensed as incurred in all periods presented. The number of Directors who participated in the Deferred Plan as well as the number of shares deferred each year were as follows:

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Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Number of directors that deferred all or a portion of their fees112
Shares deferred under the Deferred Plan2,0731,832729
NOTE 6. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The computation of basic earnings per share ("EPS") is based on the number of weighted average common shares outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted EPS is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding plus the incremental shares that would be outstanding assuming exercise of dilutive stock options and issuance of restricted stock. The number of incremental shares is calculated by applying the treasury stock method. 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share in thousands:

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Net income
$103,158 $128,057 $174,313 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding
12,364 12,951 14,993 
Dilutive stock options
46 298 130 
Dilutive restricted stock units
223 66 459 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding and dilutive shares
12,633 13,315 15,582 
Basic earnings per share
$8.34 $9.89 $11.63 
Diluted earnings per share
$8.17 $9.62 $11.19 

In calculating diluted earnings per share, 4,384 options to purchase shares of common stock outstanding were excluded due to their anti-dilutive effect in Fiscal 2024. In calculating diluted earnings per share, no options to purchase shares of common stock outstanding were excluded due to their anti-dilutive effect in Fiscal 2023 and Fiscal 2022.

At February 3, 2024, no non-vested stock awards granted to certain employees were excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average common shares and common share equivalents outstanding, because they are subject to performance-based annual vesting conditions which had not been achieved by the end of Fiscal 2024. 

NOTE 7. STOCK REPURCHASE PROGRAM

Our Board of Directors (the "Board") has authorized a stock repurchase program (the "Repurchase Program") since August 2004; replacing, amending, renewing and extending the Repurchase Program periodically. In the most recent amendment in May 2021, the Board authorized an expansion and extension of the Repurchase Program by $500.0 million to a total of $800.0 million to repurchase our common stock in the periods of November 2015 through February 1, 2025. 
The Repurchase Program authorizes repurchases of our common stock in open market or negotiated transactions, with the amount and timing of repurchases dependent on market conditions and at the discretion of our management. In addition to the Repurchase Program, we also acquire shares of our common stock from holders of restricted stock unit awards to satisfy withholding tax requirements due at vesting. Shares acquired from holders of restricted stock unit awards to satisfy tax withholding requirements do not reduce the authorized amounts of repurchases under the Repurchase Program.

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The number of shares repurchased under the Repurchase Program and acquired from holders of restricted stock unit awards to satisfy tax withholding requirements were as follows (dollars in thousands):

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3,
2024
(53-weeks)
January 28,
2023
(52-weeks)
January 29,
2022
(52-weeks)
Common stock repurchased under the Repurchase Program1,162,130 797,033 3,370,751 
Aggregate cost of repurchases under the Repurchase Program$53,211 $38,458 $267,826 
Shares acquired from holders of restricted stock unit awards to satisfy tax withholding requirements47,550 51,558 46,095 
Tax withholding requirements from holders of restricted stock unit awards$2,849 $2,446 $3,257 
Excise tax on stock repurchases$411 $— $— 

Historically, under all stock repurchase authorizations and including shares acquired from holders of restricted stock unit awards to satisfy tax withholding requirements, we have repurchased a total of 28.4 million shares of our common stock at an approximate cost of $1.03 billion as of February 3, 2024 and had approximately $276.9 million remaining under the Repurchase Program authorization.

NOTE 8. DIVIDENDS

In June 2021, the Board instituted a recurring quarterly cash dividend. Since this program's inception, our quarterly dividend has been $0.25 per share.
The number of declarations and cash dividends paid were as follows:

Fiscal Year Ended
February 3, 2024January 28, 2023January 29, 2022
Number of declarations443
Cash dividends paid (in millions)$12.4$12.9$10.9
Total paid per share during fiscal year$1.00$1.00$0.75

Subsequent to February 3, 2024, on March 6, 2024, the Board declared a cash dividend of $0.25 per common share, payable on April 2, 2024, to stockholders of record at the close of business on March 21, 2024. The estimated payment is expected to be $2.9 million.

NOTE 9. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Annual Bonuses and Equity Incentive Awards

Specified officers and corporate employees of our Company are entitled to annual bonuses, primarily based on measures of Company operating performance. At February 3, 2024, annual bonus-related expense included in accrued payroll expenses was immaterial. At January 28, 2023, there was no annual bonus-related expense included in accrued payroll expenses. The Compensation Committee (the "Committee") of the Board places performance criteria on awards of PSUs made in the form of RSUs to our NEOs under the EIP. The performance criteria are tied to performance targets with respect to defined financial performance over a specified period of time. These PSUs are expensed under the provisions of ASC Topic 718 and are evaluated each quarter to determine the probability that the performance conditions set within will be met.

Legal Proceedings and Other Contingencies